In order to apply the proper treatment at the proper time, it is necessary to look first at the principles and strategy of early orthodontic intervention.The strategy and major techniques intervention include elimination of primary etiologic factors, correction of obvious problems, Interception of developing problems, prevention of worsening of obvious problems, preparation of an environment for normal occlusal development and function, guidance of growth in a more favorable direction by unlocking occlusal interferences which can have an adverse effect on occlusion, management of arch size-tooth size discrepancy, reduction in susceptibility to trauma and incisor fractures (increased overjet) and correction of skeletal dysplasia at an early stage of development.Early orthodontic treatment protocols can be performed in two separate phases. Depending on the type of problem, the age of the patient, and the stage of dentition, this procedure can be accomplished in one phase and sometimes in two phases. Occasionally, a three-phase treatment plan might be implemented if some correction of primary dentition is needed, such as elimination of posterior crossbite, and serial extractions in the mixed dentition must be followed by a final phase of treatment for the permanent dentition.First-phase of early orthodontic treatment offers many advantages to both the doctor and the patient.
One phase early treatment consists of a type of interceptive or corrective treatment that is performed during the primary or mixed dentition stage to eliminate the cause and to correct the present abnormality. It is a single phase of comprehensive treatment usually started around the end of mixed dentition, just before the growth spurt and ending after the completion of canine eruption. This usually takes about 2 to 3 years.The major goal of late mixed dentition treatment is growth modification to take advantage of growth potential during the growth spurt. This type of treatment involves orthopedic management such as extra-oral traction, functional therapy and rapid maxillary expansion.Two-phase treatment is advocated to address skeletal, dental and neuromuscular problems such as abnormal habits, hyperactive musculature, crowding, dental crossbites, hypodontia, supernumerary teeth and problems of tooth eruption in order to eliminate or reduce the severity of the problem and a short phase of treatment will be required to align the permanent occlusion. I am presenting this topic with a few case reports.
TEACHING AND ADMINISTRATION---- TOTAL SERVICES- 35 YEARS
Total Services at Annamalai University—20 years
• Lecturer in orthodontia from 1981 to 1985 at Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital AnnamalaiUniversity, Tamil nadu, India.
• Reader in orthodontia from 1958 to 1991 at rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, AnnamalaiUniversity, Tamilnadu, India.
• Professor and Head of the department in Orthodontia from 1991 to 2001 at Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital,Annamalai University, Tamilnadu, India.
AS A PRINCIPAL, PROFESSOR AND HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ORTHODONTIA
• Principal, Professor and Head of the department of orthodontics from 2003 to 2007 at J.K.KNataraja Dental College, Komarapalayam, Tamil nadu.—4 years’ service
• Principal, professor and Head of the department of Orthodontics from 2007 to 2013at Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental sciences, Pillaiyarkuppam, Puducherry, India And Dean of Faculty of Dentistry from 24.09.2009 at Indira Gandhi Institute of dental sciences under the ambit of Sri BalajiVidyapeeth university as per notification no F- 9-53/2005-U-3 dated 20.07.2009 issued by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development, Government of India.--6 years’ service
• Principal, Professor and Head of the department of orthodontics from Aug 5th2016 to till date at Best dental Science College and Hospital, Madurai. Tamil Nadu.—1 year service
AS PROFESSOR AND HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ORTHODONTIA
• Professor and Head of the department of orthodontics from July10th 2014 to Aug 4th 2016 at Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital Melmaruvathur, Tamil Nadu.
RECIPIENT OF AWARDS
• Captain. Dr. J.S. GangadharanMemoial National Award for the year 1999 in recognition of accomplishment in the field of orthodontics.
• Received Second Best scientific paper award for the topic “A study of topical application of stannous fluoride in human enamel and its degree of resistance in acid etching using radioactive isotopes”. In VII IOS Conference held at Ooty in 1982.
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam award for lifetime contribution in teaching in the year 2017
- published 22 articles at national and international publications
- had presented many lectures in various organisations, associations and conferences
- had written 2 books
Principal, Best Dental Science College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu-India.