The main aim of this work is the creation of a device for the magneto-optical visualization of the defense degree for the national and foreign currency. The essence of the method lies in the visualization of the stray magnetic field originated from metallic protection elements of the banknote, using thin transparent magnetic films, which are characterized by high magneto-optical activity (MOA). Visible image is observed in polarized light, to increase the contrast of the image Faraday Rotation Effect is utilized. The proposed magneto-optical visualization method of vectorial distribution of the stray magnetic field originated by the metallic protection elements of the banknote is characterized by high resolution and on-line utilization. Essentially to note that in this visualization method it is possible to realize on-line magneto-optical reading of coded protection signal of the banknote, which is practically impossible for other visualization methods of the stray magnetic field using inductive sensors, Hall sensors, colloid ferromagnetic particles, and electron microscopy. In the framework of this research making of complementary coded protection elements for national banknotes of our countries and is also proposed as well as development of an innovative equipment, which can be used for visualization and reading of the protection code in various financial institutions of China and Uzbekistan.
Prof., DSc. Uygun V. Valiev has completed his Ph. D at the age of 32 years from Moscow State University (Moscow, USSR) and Doctor of Sciences dissertation at the age of 43 ones from Institute of Low Temperature Physics and Engineering (Kharkov, Ukraine). He has published more than 80 papers in reputed journals and serving as an editorial board member some physical journals. He is also co-author of 1 scientific book entitled by "Magneto-Optical Spectroscopy of the Rare-Earth Compounds: Development and Application" published in 2012.
Fingerprint science is an art of identifying a person by comparing the fingerprints of that person with his admitted prints.
Today fingerprint science is an art of diagnosing human organ genetic disorders. Diagnosing human organ genetic disorder through fingerprint science is based on three fundamental principles. Variety: No two human organs (genetic construction) are one and the same and they are not construction with the same genetic information. Immutability: The construction of human organs at womb is permanent never changes even physical changes of a person. Persistency: The human organs will persist or remain constant throughout the life of an individual and even after death until decomposition sets in. The human organs as well as friction skin started their work in the fourth month of fetal stage and fully formed by the sixth month.
What is mean by fingerprint? A fingerprint is a reproduction on some smooth surface of the pattern or design formed by the ridges on the inside of the first end joint of a finger or thumb. Analyzer Voice: 3 A fingerprint is an index of organ build in distal phalange connected with and works as well as organ.
He is a retired Inspector of Police. Fingerprint expert.
Children asked to report intra-familial abuse when forensically interviewed often exhibit reluctance and produce partial statements due to emotional inhibitions such as guilt feelings or fear of incriminating loved perpetrators. Strikingly, interviewers were found to be typically non-supportive rather than supportive when encountering reluctance, thus leading to poor interview outcomes. A revision of the NICHD (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) investigative interview protocol which emphasizes supportive interviewing yielded children's reduced reluctance and enhanced cooperation only in the pre-substantive part of the interview, while an effect on the forensic statement has not been examined. In this study, support provided while eliciting abuse-related information was hypothesized to correlate with reduced reluctance and increased emotional expression, which in turn, were expected to mediate support's effects on the quality of children's forensic statements. The sample included 200 interviews conducted by official child interviewers with Israeli children aged 5-13, who made allegations of intra-familial physical abuse. All allegations were confirmed with external evidence. Interviews were coded to identify children's reluctance and emotional expressions as well as the amount of information provided in the statement. Generalized Mixed Model analyses were carried. The hypotheses were systematically established, first confirming that support was followed by decreased reluctance and increased emotional expression, and then confirming that support's association to enhanced production was mediated by decreased reluctance and by increased emotional expression. The findings highlight the beneficial effects of support in facilitating rich forensic testimonies by abused children. The data confirmed that support's effects is mediated by reluctance decrease and increased emotional expression, thus indirect mechanisms of support effects are suggested.
He is a Faculty of Social Welfare & Health Sciences, School of Social Work in University of Haifa, Israel.
Bowel wall hemorrhage is recently suggested as a characteristic sign of death by hanging. This prospective cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the frequency of bowel wall hemorrhage in autopsies performed on corpses identified as death-by-hanging in Tehran's autopsy hall. All hanging cases from June 2011 to end of June 2012 were included in this study. Demographic data were collected, physical examination was completed and postmortem changes were recorded in all cases. Autopsies were performed focused to identify bowel wall hemorrhage. Severe putrefied corpses, cases with the history and signs of abdominal trauma, history of coagulopathies and chronic intestinal diseases were excluded from this study. The frequency and standard deviation were calculated. T-test and Chi-square test were used to analyze the data. 138 hanging cases were studied. Bowel wall hemorrhage was confirmed by microscopic examination in 16 cases (11.6%). The mean age was 35.31 ± 11.41 years. The mean of height, weight and BMI were 173.25 ± 6.06 cm, 71.56 ± 7.76 kg, and 28.80 ± 2.01 kg/m(2) respectively. Hanging was complete in 9 cases (56.2%). Our findings show that after exclusion of other conditions leading to intra-abdominal congestion, presence of bowel wall hemorrhage, especially in the small bowel, can be an important sign for death by hanging together with other previously described signs.
The study was designed to determine the Etiologic correlation of Inmates' emotional Intelligence and their fingerprint patterns. It also aimed to assess the etiologic factors of the respondent's emotional intelligence in terms of self-awareness, self-regulation, social skills, empathy and motivation. The study utilized the descriptive survey method of research. Survey questionnaire was the primary tool used in gathering the data. The setting of the study was at Davao Prison and Penal Farm in the southern part of the Philippines, in their Maximum, Medium, and Minimum security compound. Three hundred ninety four (394) respondents participated in the said study that was conducted during their favorable time. The total population of inmate during the conduct of the study is around 4,678. Assessment of the inmates' emotional intelligence, on the variable self-awareness manifested the ability to recognize oneself and have the capacity to for introspection. They have a clear perception of their own personality including strengths, weaknesses, thoughts, beliefs and emotions. Aside from this, they also have the ability to regulate their own behaviors. They can calm themselves down when they encounter challenges that can make them upset or can cheer themselves up when they are down which shows a healthy emotional development. Additionally, characteristic to facilitate and interact with others is also present as they agree having social skills. Thus, they have developed many ways to communicate their messages, thoughts and feelings with others. Moreover, they have a considerate regard for empathy as they have the capacity to understand what another person is experiencing from within the other person's frame of reference. Lastly, an inner drive called as motivation is present within them that causes them to act as it initiates, guides and maintain goal-oriented behaviors. Of the five variables of emotional intelligence, motivation is seen to have a significant relationship based on the 0.05 significance value with the Central Pocket fingerprint pattern on the left hand. This mainly pointed that inmates having Central Pocket fingerprint pattern on the left hand are more likely to have a pronounced goal-directed behavior. Though most people have similar aspirations, they don't all have the same opportunities and abilities. These inmates has developed a drive to cause them to act since one can't actually observe motive, it is inferred that one exists based on the behavior that one can observe. On the other hand, emotional intelligence and right hand fingerprint patterns namely Plain Whorl, Accidental Whorl, Double Loop, Central Pocket, Radial Loop, Ulnar Loop, Tented Arch and Plain Arch shows no relation as well as fingerprint patterns on the left hand which are Plain Whorl, Accidental Whorl, Double Loop, Central Pocket, Radial Loop, Ulnar Loop, Tented Arch and Plain Arch shows no relation to emotional intelligence namely self-awareness, self-regulation, social skills, empathy and motivation. Also, motivation is found to have no relation with fingerprint patterns on the left hand namely Plain Whorl, Accidental Whorl, Double Loop, Radial Loop, Ulnar Loop, Tented Arch and Plain Arch. Furthermore, no significant difference on Emotional Intelligence and Type of Crime Charged was observed. The Davao Prison and Penal Farm in the Philippines is currently providing rehabilitation program to the inmates. However, the results of this study can help improve their program as it presents additional information about fingerprints of the inmates.
Recovering finger prints from a crime scene is difficult to begin with. Not all surfaces are conducive to easy finger print recovery. Uneven substrates like vinyl siding, drinking glasses, cell phones, and guns (just to name a few) can be challenging for even the seasoned veteran crime scene technician. What about wet surfaces? Or even the sticky side of tape? One of the main obstacles facing the crime scene officer is not the surface on which the latent print is located. It is the lack of proper training that is most often the factor as to why the officer does not try to lift the print. The lack of training, coupled with the lack of confidence, could result in losing critical crime scene evidence forever. Training and experience will give the crime scene officer the knowledge and the confidence to approach any crime scene with an entirely different attitude. How can one properly recover difficult prints without some sort of classes? It can be done through very much trial and error. Or one could simply take training classes from an experienced professional who can make the job so much easier for them. This workshop is designed to offer the novice and experienced crime scene officers alike, the hands-on training with new techniques they need to confidently to recover the most challenging prints.
Tom Gier is an International Association of Identification (IAI) Certified Latent Print Examiner and has been employed at the Southwest Louisiana Crime Lab for over ten years where he is the Senior Analyst/Technical Supervisor of the Latent Print Department. He obtained his Bachelor’s Degree from McNeese State University, USA. Tom was the 2014-15 President of the Louisiana Division of the IAI (LAIAI). He has been teaching classes for several years to law enforcement agencies in the USA, and has recently taught college students in southern Mexico. Tom published his book, Lasting Impressions, in 2012.
Social scientists generally agree that a paradigm shift has occurred over the course of the last three decades of research in human behavior: the zeitgeist has moved away from a culturally centered, social learning model towards a more balanced perspective in which both genetic and environmental factors are understood to explain the wide variations observed in human behavior. This perspective now applies in the areas of mental health and illness, as well as across several domains of normal, varying psychological constructs, such as intelligence, personality, interests, and attitudes. The study of antisocial behavior is no exception to this paradigm shift. There is now abundant evidence that both genetic and environmental influences and probably their interaction are of major importance in explaining individual differences in antisocial behavior, including differences in criminal behavior. Evidence for a genetic basis of antisocial behavior stems from several different lines of research, thus First, behavioral genetic studies of twins and adoptees have demonstrated that heredity plays a role in antisocial behavior, including various forms of aggression and criminality, by finding greater concordance for such behavior in genetically related individuals compared to nonrelatives living in the same environment. Second, various correlates of antisocial behavior, including personality factors such as impulsivity, sensation-seeking, risk-taking, and callous-unemotional traits, are known to be at least partly genetically influenced. Third, psychiatric outcomes related to antisocial behavior, including antisocial personality disorder, gambling, and substance use and abuse have also been investigated in genetically informative designs, and each of these has demonstrated significant genetic influence. Impulsive aggression is characterized by an inability to regulate affect as well as aggressive impulses, and is highly comorbid with other mental disorders including depression, suicidal behavior, and substance abuse. In an effort to elucidate the neurobiological underpinnings of impulsive aggression and to help account for its connections with these other disorders, this paper reviews relevant biochemical, brain imaging, and genetic studies. The objective of this paper is to point out the dysfunctional interactions between biochemical, brain imaging, and genetic systems in the prefrontal cortex that may be an important mechanism underlying the link between impulsive aggression and its comorbid disorders of what make a person to commit crime.
The introduction of the new imaging techniques is a necessary procedure in thanatological exploration of ballistic trauma. Accessibility to this technology remains limited in Algeria. The authors of this work present a practical illustration on a case of death by firearm, thus highlighting the contributions of imaging techniques to solve a major forensic issue.
Forensic investigation usually involves blow flies as victim's body attracts blow flies at the position/location where victim's body is found. That also helps to initiate and lead the investigation to determine forensic details on homicide victim, as victim's body at the scene attracts resident adult blow flies surrounding it. These flies soon start laying large numbers of eggs on the wounded or body fluid sites of victim's body. At this point forensic investigator immediately collect sufficient amount of blow fly samples at any or all stages of life cycle, adult fly, egg mass, and maggots (all different-sized larvae) and put them into vials with 70+ ethyl alcohols and detailed labels. Here, the details of victim's condition and development of blow flies are prepared for forensic report and samples of blow flies are fixed and properly labeled to be preserved in collection vials or glass bottles with lid. That is the general process for forensic investigation with collection of evidence at the site. That also begins a forensic investigation for each homicide case. This paper is prepared on the basis of my special case for realistic experience on the investigation of one real homicide.
Ke Chung Kim is a Professor Emeritus and Curator Emeritus, Frost Entomological Museum; Founding Director Emeritus, Center for Bio Diversity Research. Recognitions and Honors:L. O. Howard Distinguished Achievement Award, Entomological Society of America, Eastern Branch.American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Pathology/Biology Section Award for Lifetime Achievement in Forensic Life Sciences (2014)
Mass murders have undergone a paradigm shift in communication methods used by offenders. Columbine High School, Virginia Tech, Oslo and UtØya Norway, LAPD officer Christopher Dorner, Isla Vista, California, shooter Elliot Rodger, Vester Lee Flanagan II, introduced new methods not observed before in incidences of mass murder such as video taped messages, production of mass media packages mailed before and during the incidents, manifestos, and use of social media posted before and during the incidents, and live on-air executions. The study of mass murder and mass violence led to the establishment of the Association of Threat Assessment Professionals, the Canadian Association of Threat Assessment Professionals, and the Asia Pacific Association of Threat Assessment Professionals, all dedicated to the collection and dissemination of current research and effective investigative strategies relative to the investigation of threats. This study fills a gap in the research utilizing two decades of historical offender communications and new forms of offender communications. Freud; Fein and Vossekuil; Borum, Fein, Vossekuil and Bergland; O'Toole; Meloy, Hempel, Mohandie, Shiva, Phil, and Grey; Vossekuil, Pollack, Borum, Modzeleski, and Reddy; Smith, Thomas, and Parker; Meloy and O'Toole; and Meloy and Hoffmann, have indicated that in more than 93% of the cases offenders utilized various communication methods to notify others of their intention to attack prior to the incident. These authors agree that identifying leakage is the single best opportunity to recognize, identify, intervene, and mitigate acts of mass violence before they occur. Still, offender communications have yet to garner any significant research.
John, a native of Georgia, USA, a Ph.D. Candidate in Psychology, CEO of Psychosocial Dynamics, LLC., specializing in global violence, threat assessment, and offender pre, during, and post offense communications. John captured three serial child molesters, three serial rapists, and Augusta, Georgia's first serial murderer, assisted with traumatic stress debriefings at the Oklahoma City bombing and Olympic Centennial Park Bombing. He has designed five collegiate programs, 100+ collegiate courses and is published in textbooks and the encyclopedia of Criminal Psychology. Professional associations: AAETS, APA, ASC, ATAP, IACA, IAPS, IATP, and SPCP.
Malingering is fabricating or exaggerating the symptoms of mental or physical disorders for a variety of "secondary gain" motives, which may include financial compensation (often tied to fraud); avoiding school, work or military service; obtaining drugs; getting lighter criminal sentences; or simply to attract attention or sympathy. Malingering is different from somatization disorder and factitious disorder. Failure to detect actual cases of malingering imposes a substantial economic burden on the health care system, and false attribution of malingering imposes a substantial burden of suffering on a significant proportion of the patient population.
In today's lecture we will learn how to detect malingering.
1. Describe malingering and deception in mental health patients.
2. Differentiate the various forms of malingering/deception in mental health patients.
3. Explain clinical skills needed to detect malingering and deception in mental health patients.
4. Review objective tests used for detection of malingering in mental health patients.
Dr. Fischetto is a Licensed Psychologist with a specialty in Forensic Psychology. He has been doing forensic evaluations for over 25 years and has conducted thousands of evaluations. He is a Diplomate in Forensic Psychology with the American Board of Psychological Specialties. Dr. Fischetto is also an adjunct professor in psychological testing and assessments, a consulting Psychologist at the Reading Hospital, and has a full-time private practice in counseling, consulting, and forensic evaluations for criminal and civil cases.
Actually in the processes the DNA tests assumes a dogmatic power. But, doing so can happens that a "static forensic element" be overestimated. This involves a set of clues that the judge will have available to form his own conviction. However, judges need scientific evidence (cross-examinated) and repeatable systems for their evaluations, thus overcoming the so-called "processoindiziario", or trial based just on clues. To overcome this and to increase the impact of science in the process, is proposed the theory of "Dynamic Criminology" where Judges and forensic scientists are co-authors. Dynamic criminology requires the strict answer to the questions: "Quis, quid, ubi, quibusauxiliis, cur, quomodo, quando and quantum". That literally means "who, what, where, by what means, why, how, when and how much". Judges need to have scientific information about the person acting (quis); the action it does (quid); the place where it is executed (ubi); the means he uses to execute it (quibusauxiliis); the intended purpose (cur); the way it does (quomodo); the time it takes you and where it does it (when). For the purposes of efficient justice, the parameters indicated with exhaustive scientific answers must be used. This connects the theory of "Dynamic Criminology" to a process of strong scientific evidence, cross-examinated together, whose demonstration is based on repeatability criteria. The basic idea of the new theory is to develop a "rewind" of what happens through the observation of the spatial disposition and the quantity of the biological evidences (in singulo first and in toto then). DNA tests give to the judges just the possibility to answer to the question "who"; in order to get answers to the other questions is foundamental a deep focus on the biological evidences (area, size, number, quantity, quality, relative distance, etc.)
Eugenio D'Orio, MSc forensic biology, has been a researcher of the University of Copenhagen; actually is Professor aggiunto of forensic biology at the UNISED in Milan. Director of the research area of forensic biology of the ISF (Insitute of Forensic Science). Many collaborations as researcher and as professor (especially with the University Federico II of Naples). He is in the official list of the Consultant of the Ministry of Justice (in Italy). Author of several articles on the DNA-evidence.
During the period of terrorism, the forensic department of hospital university of Bab El-Oued received cut up and disarticulated human bodies. This particular situation has led to an unusual demand from relatives of victims who refused to take bodies in this state In the absence of embalming traditions in our Algerian culture, forensic pathologists have faced this particular situation. The authors of this work bring this particular and painful experience.
Patient violence is becoming increasingly more common in various clinical settings and growing rapidly in the Emergency Room. Violent patients present a significant challenge in health care. Effective management of agitation is complex but necessary to avoid harm to other patients and staff from verbal and physical threats and attacks and to allow the patient to regain control over their behaviour and in turn regain their dignity. The first step in management is to assess the degree of agitation that the patient is displaying to help guide treatment. Next, it is important to rule out any medical causes of violence and aggression in patients such as delirium, metabolic disturbances, infections, seizures, cerebrovascular accident, substance intoxication and head injuries. Underlying mental illness such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and personality disorders should be considered only after any reversible medical condition has been ruled out and treated. Verbal de-escalation is a powerful clinical tool that can minimize harm to others while maintain a therapeutic alliance with the patient. Psychopharmacology of acute agitation is based on the cause of agitation and includes treatment with benzodiazepines, first- and second-generation antipsychotic medications. Physical restraints should be considered as a last resort. Competency in the proper management of an acutely agitated patient is a complex task but essential to the safety of the patient and staff.
Dr. Simuran Brar is a Staff Psychiatrist at the University Health Network in Toronto, Canada working in the Psychiatric Emergency Services Unit in the Emergency Room. She is affiliated with the University of Toronto as an Assistant Professor and is involved in teaching at both the undergraduate and graduate levels of training of medical students and residents. Dr. Brar has a background in research and has a Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the University of Toronto.
Three kinds of post-mortem manipulations occur for three distinct reasons. They are connected by the need for authoritative power and the desire to be seen as strong. Selfish notions of self-preservation are manifested through governmental bodies in the name of freedom and evolution. The three kinds of post-mortem configuration can be categorized like this: (A) political ascension; (B) national or geographic control and domination; (C) reactive exclamations, usually performed by the powerless and the oppressed. I will excavate the historic realities of similar political occurrences and their strategic engineering of death and the bodies of the dead. The examples are: (1) the death of Caesar, 44 A.D.; (2) the deaths of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, 1979, and Shanawaz Bhutto, 1985; (3) the deaths of Che Guevara, 1967; Maurice Bishop, 1983; Bin Laden, 2011 (4) the deaths of 9/11 victims at ground zero, 2001 (5) the deaths of military service officers: Black Hawk Down, 1993 & Iranian hostage crisis, 1980 and the Russian pilots in Syria, 2015. Focus will be placed on the deaths themselves, the manipulated funeral arrangements by the State apparatus, the demagogic eulogies, and the political aftermath—the post-mortem body is a symbol to be used, misused, and abused.
My childhood spans the beaches of the Caribbean Sea and the suburb of Queens, as a result, I have a varied and assorted composition of tastes and interests. My research project engages an excavation of what it means to die with dignity and the role vigil plays in the bereavement process. I am a hospice volunteer and herein lies the marriage of my research interest. I am pedagogically trained as a philosopher which makes my anthropological research aberrant—one may coin it as fieldwork in philosophy. I consider myself a Zen-Existentialist because I have been studying Zen and Tibetan Buddhism for over fifteen years and I have also been studying Existentialism and Continental Philosophy for the same duration of time.
Toxic materials in the body are transferred to the soil, both in and on the ground, through bodily fluids during decomposition and degradation of the bodies intoxicated. Systemic investigations on the soil following the decomposition will give information on type and amount of the toxic material. With this study we aimed to show that type and amount of the toxic material on the soil can be determined after examination of the soil following decomposition in cases of death where a person was acutely intoxicated with lead and dropped at a field for corruption of evidence and decomposition of the body. Thirty Wistar Albino (10 males + 10 females) rats were investigated in three groups composing of 10 rats as cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and control group in this study. Rats in the Cd group were exposed to cadmium as Cadmium Chloride; Pb group were exposed to lead as Lead Acetate solution though acute oral gavage. Rats in cadmium and lead groups were sacrificed acutely. Control rats in the third group were sacrificed by cervical dislocation without administering any chemicals. Sacrificed rats were left at saltless and clay soil. As a result of the investigations carried out on the soil following decomposition, approximately 48% of the Cd content and approximately 40% of the Pb content were recovered from the soil, respectively from the soil where Cd rats exposed to Cadmium Acetate solution contacted and from the soil where Pb rats exposed to Lead Acetate solution.
Post-traumatic stress syndrome knows a gracing interest in view of the increasing number of victims of disasters, collective accidents, hostage situations or accidents to strong psychological impact. The clinical picture is characterized by the repetition syndrome or revival, specific to this pathology, associated with manifestations of with drawl and non-specific symptoms as psychomatic disorders or personality disorders. The management is carried out in the context of medico-psychological emergency with immediate care made on siteInto contact with the event and in more depth implementation psychological debriefing and later by followup and support of his victim on the map medico-psychological, forensic, judicial, social.
hen the result of urine drug testing is contested by the donor, it is imperative to prove the identity of sample. Detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by high resolution melting (HRM) analysis has increasingly popular for identification because it is simpler, faster and cost effective than other DNA sequencing technique. This preliminary study aims to verify 7 loci of SNPs from JSNP database including CELF2, KAT2B, LDLC, NPAS3, RGL, SDC4 and SOX6 using PCR/HRM. To evaluate these SNPs markers, human blood samples were prior to use as DNA template. The amplification was performed on the QuantStudio 5 Real-Time PCR Systems. The results revealed the small, single band of PCR products on an electrophoretic profile which suggested the stable and distinct amplifications. Besides, HRM analysis depicted a group of different melting curve of DNA samples in corresponding to the increasing temperature. The present study suggests that HRM has the potential to discriminate a minor variation among samples which may be utilized as the technique to prove the authenticity of urine sample.
The motto of this study is to find out the incidence of mortality of people due to road traffic accident in Bogra district during the year 2006 – 2010. One hundred and five autopsy cases of road traffic accidents were recorded from Forensic Medicine department of shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College, Bogra. The RTA cases were from different districts of the alleased district. Data was Collected from autopsy reports and Hospital records. Data was analyzed with to the age , sex of the victim and also part of the body involved . The Data was also analyses with regard to the Thana of the district . It is analyzed that most of the death record were due to head injures (57.14%) with relation to sex. Males were the main victim (80% - 95%). It is seen that Sadar thana is the main and most important thana of this district( 30.48%).
The discovery of a corpse constitutes a very important legal event and a number of questions arise, which automatically leads to the establishment of a forensic investigation that will elucidate the circumstances of the death. The author of this work propose, from a clinical sticker, recall interest of body lifting in thanatological practice.