The introduction of the new imaging techniques is a necessary procedure in thanatological exploration of ballistic trauma. Accessibility to this technology remains limited in Algeria. The authors of this work present a practical illustration on a case of death by firearm, thus highlighting the contributions of imaging techniques to solve a major forensic issue.
Forensic investigation usually involves blow flies as victim's body attracts blow flies at the position/location where victim's body is found. That also helps to initiate and lead the investigation to determine forensic details on homicide victim, as victim's body at the scene attracts resident adult blow flies surrounding it. These flies soon start laying large numbers of eggs on the wounded or body fluid sites of victim's body. At this point forensic investigator immediately collect sufficient amount of blow fly samples at any or all stages of life cycle, adult fly, egg mass, and maggots (all different-sized larvae) and put them into vials with 70+ ethyl alcohols and detailed labels. Here, the details of victim's condition and development of blow flies are prepared for forensic report and samples of blow flies are fixed and properly labeled to be preserved in collection vials or glass bottles with lid. That is the general process for forensic investigation with collection of evidence at the site. That also begins a forensic investigation for each homicide case. This paper is prepared on the basis of my special case for realistic experience on the investigation of one real homicide.
Ke Chung Kim is a Professor Emeritus and Curator Emeritus, Frost Entomological Museum; Founding Director Emeritus, Center for Bio Diversity Research. Recognitions and Honors:L. O. Howard Distinguished Achievement Award, Entomological Society of America, Eastern Branch.American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Pathology/Biology Section Award for Lifetime Achievement in Forensic Life Sciences (2014)
Mass murders have undergone a paradigm shift in communication methods used by offenders. Columbine High School, Virginia Tech, Oslo and UtØya Norway, LAPD officer Christopher Dorner, Isla Vista, California, shooter Elliot Rodger, Vester Lee Flanagan II, introduced new methods not observed before in incidences of mass murder such as video taped messages, production of mass media packages mailed before and during the incidents, manifestos, and use of social media posted before and during the incidents, and live on-air executions. The study of mass murder and mass violence led to the establishment of the Association of Threat Assessment Professionals, the Canadian Association of Threat Assessment Professionals, and the Asia Pacific Association of Threat Assessment Professionals, all dedicated to the collection and dissemination of current research and effective investigative strategies relative to the investigation of threats. This study fills a gap in the research utilizing two decades of historical offender communications and new forms of offender communications. Freud; Fein and Vossekuil; Borum, Fein, Vossekuil and Bergland; O'Toole; Meloy, Hempel, Mohandie, Shiva, Phil, and Grey; Vossekuil, Pollack, Borum, Modzeleski, and Reddy; Smith, Thomas, and Parker; Meloy and O'Toole; and Meloy and Hoffmann, have indicated that in more than 93% of the cases offenders utilized various communication methods to notify others of their intention to attack prior to the incident. These authors agree that identifying leakage is the single best opportunity to recognize, identify, intervene, and mitigate acts of mass violence before they occur. Still, offender communications have yet to garner any significant research.
John, a native of Georgia, USA, a Ph.D. Candidate in Psychology, CEO of Psychosocial Dynamics, LLC., specializing in global violence, threat assessment, and offender pre, during, and post offense communications. John captured three serial child molesters, three serial rapists, and Augusta, Georgia's first serial murderer, assisted with traumatic stress debriefings at the Oklahoma City bombing and Olympic Centennial Park Bombing. He has designed five collegiate programs, 100+ collegiate courses and is published in textbooks and the encyclopedia of Criminal Psychology. Professional associations: AAETS, APA, ASC, ATAP, IACA, IAPS, IATP, and SPCP.
Actually in the processes the DNA tests assumes a dogmatic power. But, doing so can happens that a "static forensic element" be overestimated. This involves a set of clues that the judge will have available to form his own conviction. However, judges need scientific evidence (cross-examinated) and repeatable systems for their evaluations, thus overcoming the so-called "processoindiziario", or trial based just on clues. To overcome this and to increase the impact of science in the process, is proposed the theory of "Dynamic Criminology" where Judges and forensic scientists are co-authors. Dynamic criminology requires the strict answer to the questions: "Quis, quid, ubi, quibusauxiliis, cur, quomodo, quando and quantum". That literally means "who, what, where, by what means, why, how, when and how much". Judges need to have scientific information about the person acting (quis); the action it does (quid); the place where it is executed (ubi); the means he uses to execute it (quibusauxiliis); the intended purpose (cur); the way it does (quomodo); the time it takes you and where it does it (when). For the purposes of efficient justice, the parameters indicated with exhaustive scientific answers must be used. This connects the theory of "Dynamic Criminology" to a process of strong scientific evidence, cross-examinated together, whose demonstration is based on repeatability criteria. The basic idea of the new theory is to develop a "rewind" of what happens through the observation of the spatial disposition and the quantity of the biological evidences (in singulo first and in toto then). DNA tests give to the judges just the possibility to answer to the question "who"; in order to get answers to the other questions is foundamental a deep focus on the biological evidences (area, size, number, quantity, quality, relative distance, etc.)
Eugenio D'Orio, MSc forensic biology, has been a researcher of the University of Copenhagen; actually is Professor aggiunto of forensic biology at the UNISED in Milan. Director of the research area of forensic biology of the ISF (Insitute of Forensic Science). Many collaborations as researcher and as professor (especially with the University Federico II of Naples). He is in the official list of the Consultant of the Ministry of Justice (in Italy). Author of several articles on the DNA-evidence.
During the period of terrorism, the forensic department of hospital university of Bab El-Oued received cut up and disarticulated human bodies. This particular situation has led to an unusual demand from relatives of victims who refused to take bodies in this state In the absence of embalming traditions in our Algerian culture, forensic pathologists have faced this particular situation. The authors of this work bring this particular and painful experience.
Patient violence is becoming increasingly more common in various clinical settings and growing rapidly in the Emergency Room. Violent patients present a significant challenge in health care. Effective management of agitation is complex but necessary to avoid harm to other patients and staff from verbal and physical threats and attacks and to allow the patient to regain control over their behaviour and in turn regain their dignity. The first step in management is to assess the degree of agitation that the patient is displaying to help guide treatment. Next, it is important to rule out any medical causes of violence and aggression in patients such as delirium, metabolic disturbances, infections, seizures, cerebrovascular accident, substance intoxication and head injuries. Underlying mental illness such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and personality disorders should be considered only after any reversible medical condition has been ruled out and treated. Verbal de-escalation is a powerful clinical tool that can minimize harm to others while maintain a therapeutic alliance with the patient. Psychopharmacology of acute agitation is based on the cause of agitation and includes treatment with benzodiazepines, first- and second-generation antipsychotic medications. Physical restraints should be considered as a last resort. Competency in the proper management of an acutely agitated patient is a complex task but essential to the safety of the patient and staff.
Dr. Simuran Brar is a Staff Psychiatrist at the University Health Network in Toronto, Canada working in the Psychiatric Emergency Services Unit in the Emergency Room. She is affiliated with the University of Toronto as an Assistant Professor and is involved in teaching at both the undergraduate and graduate levels of training of medical students and residents. Dr. Brar has a background in research and has a Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the University of Toronto.
Three kinds of post-mortem manipulations occur for three distinct reasons. They are connected by the need for authoritative power and the desire to be seen as strong. Selfish notions of self-preservation are manifested through governmental bodies in the name of freedom and evolution. The three kinds of post-mortem configuration can be categorized like this: (A) political ascension; (B) national or geographic control and domination; (C) reactive exclamations, usually performed by the powerless and the oppressed. I will excavate the historic realities of similar political occurrences and their strategic engineering of death and the bodies of the dead. The examples are: (1) the death of Caesar, 44 A.D.; (2) the deaths of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, 1979, and Shanawaz Bhutto, 1985; (3) the deaths of Che Guevara, 1967; Maurice Bishop, 1983; Bin Laden, 2011 (4) the deaths of 9/11 victims at ground zero, 2001 (5) the deaths of military service officers: Black Hawk Down, 1993 & Iranian hostage crisis, 1980 and the Russian pilots in Syria, 2015. Focus will be placed on the deaths themselves, the manipulated funeral arrangements by the State apparatus, the demagogic eulogies, and the political aftermath—the post-mortem body is a symbol to be used, misused, and abused.
My childhood spans the beaches of the Caribbean Sea and the suburb of Queens, as a result, I have a varied and assorted composition of tastes and interests. My research project engages an excavation of what it means to die with dignity and the role vigil plays in the bereavement process. I am a hospice volunteer and herein lies the marriage of my research interest. I am pedagogically trained as a philosopher which makes my anthropological research aberrant—one may coin it as fieldwork in philosophy. I consider myself a Zen-Existentialist because I have been studying Zen and Tibetan Buddhism for over fifteen years and I have also been studying Existentialism and Continental Philosophy for the same duration of time.
Toxic materials in the body are transferred to the soil, both in and on the ground, through bodily fluids during decomposition and degradation of the bodies intoxicated. Systemic investigations on the soil following the decomposition will give information on type and amount of the toxic material. With this study we aimed to show that type and amount of the toxic material on the soil can be determined after examination of the soil following decomposition in cases of death where a person was acutely intoxicated with lead and dropped at a field for corruption of evidence and decomposition of the body. Thirty Wistar Albino (10 males + 10 females) rats were investigated in three groups composing of 10 rats as cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and control group in this study. Rats in the Cd group were exposed to cadmium as Cadmium Chloride; Pb group were exposed to lead as Lead Acetate solution though acute oral gavage. Rats in cadmium and lead groups were sacrificed acutely. Control rats in the third group were sacrificed by cervical dislocation without administering any chemicals. Sacrificed rats were left at saltless and clay soil. As a result of the investigations carried out on the soil following decomposition, approximately 48% of the Cd content and approximately 40% of the Pb content were recovered from the soil, respectively from the soil where Cd rats exposed to Cadmium Acetate solution contacted and from the soil where Pb rats exposed to Lead Acetate solution.
Post-traumatic stress syndrome knows a gracing interest in view of the increasing number of victims of disasters, collective accidents, hostage situations or accidents to strong psychological impact. The clinical picture is characterized by the repetition syndrome or revival, specific to this pathology, associated with manifestations of with drawl and non-specific symptoms as psychomatic disorders or personality disorders. The management is carried out in the context of medico-psychological emergency with immediate care made on siteInto contact with the event and in more depth implementation psychological debriefing and later by followup and support of his victim on the map medico-psychological, forensic, judicial, social.
hen the result of urine drug testing is contested by the donor, it is imperative to prove the identity of sample. Detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by high resolution melting (HRM) analysis has increasingly popular for identification because it is simpler, faster and cost effective than other DNA sequencing technique. This preliminary study aims to verify 7 loci of SNPs from JSNP database including CELF2, KAT2B, LDLC, NPAS3, RGL, SDC4 and SOX6 using PCR/HRM. To evaluate these SNPs markers, human blood samples were prior to use as DNA template. The amplification was performed on the QuantStudio 5 Real-Time PCR Systems. The results revealed the small, single band of PCR products on an electrophoretic profile which suggested the stable and distinct amplifications. Besides, HRM analysis depicted a group of different melting curve of DNA samples in corresponding to the increasing temperature. The present study suggests that HRM has the potential to discriminate a minor variation among samples which may be utilized as the technique to prove the authenticity of urine sample.
The motto of this study is to find out the incidence of mortality of people due to road traffic accident in Bogra district during the year 2006 – 2010. One hundred and five autopsy cases of road traffic accidents were recorded from Forensic Medicine department of shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College, Bogra. The RTA cases were from different districts of the alleased district. Data was Collected from autopsy reports and Hospital records. Data was analyzed with to the age , sex of the victim and also part of the body involved . The Data was also analyses with regard to the Thana of the district . It is analyzed that most of the death record were due to head injures (57.14%) with relation to sex. Males were the main victim (80% - 95%). It is seen that Sadar thana is the main and most important thana of this district( 30.48%).
The discovery of a corpse constitutes a very important legal event and a number of questions arise, which automatically leads to the establishment of a forensic investigation that will elucidate the circumstances of the death. The author of this work propose, from a clinical sticker, recall interest of body lifting in thanatological practice.