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Plenary Talks

Abstract

The Role of Plasma Chemistry in Sustainability of Textile Treatments Majid Sarmadi University of Wisconsin-Madison 1300 Linden Drive, Madison WI 53706-1524 Smart textiles, wearable electronics, technical textiles, are fiber/yarn based structures that are also referred to as intelligent textiles because they sense and react to the environmental conditions including but not limited to mechanical, thermal, chemical, biological, electrical, optical, etc. Although it is a new field of study, it has already shown a significant impact on the novel functionalities of the garments, furnishing, sport equipment/clothing, medical, drug release systems, military and aerospace applications. Therefore,ever increasing demand for smart textiles in the past twenty years has been responsible for a lot of demand for changing and enhancing the functionalities of textiles without compromising their aesthetics, feel, comfort and mechanical properties. Therefore, many scientists have focused their research and development on this area. In general, smart fabrics can be divided into active and passive subclasses. The active smart textiles incorporate both actuators and sensors while passive one can only sense environmental conditions. These elements must be placed on the fabric surfaces to be economical and assure efficient interaction with the environment. Plasma chemistry is the forth state of mater and can offer a very unique, novel and sustainable technique to modify the surface structure of fabrics for incorporating these required functionalities. Many chemical treatments/depositions which can’t be achieved by wet chemistry can efficiently incorporated using plasma chemistry. This presentation will highlight the sustainability and effectiveness of plasma chemistry for a few of these processes.

Biography

Professor Majid Sarmadi received his PhD from Virginia Tech in 1986 in Textile Science. As Rothermel Bascom Professor of the School of Human Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he directs the Textile Science specialization graduate as well as graduate students in the Materials Science graduate program. He is also a faculty member for the Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies at the University. His research focus includes: chemical properties and structures of textile fibers, plasma modifications of materials. His teaching and research incorporate topics related to sustainability and recycling of polymeric materials. He is the author and co-author of more than 75 scientific papers and holds three patents in the area of plasma processing of polymeric materials and plasma technology. He has written award winning carpet specifications for a few states including CA. He has received many scientific awards.

Speaker
Majid Sarmadi / University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

Abstract

Biography

Katsumi Kaneko was a professor at Chiba University until March, 2010. He performed research on the characterization and structural analysis of confined nanospaces and nanoporous materials. From April 2010 he has been a distinguished professor at Shinshu University working with the JST J-RISE project on Exotic Nanocarbons.Scientific research is about making dreams. Scientific dreams can stimulate human activities, creating further progress. We scientists must continue working to create new science, but work alone cannot necessarily assure scientific progress. We need to face the challenges to create new concepts in science, even if it is not easy. The great pleasure in science is not in routine studies, but in challenging studies. Our Research Group consists of distinguished professor Katsumi KANEKO, professors and researchers.

Speaker
Katsumi Kaneko / Shinshu university,japan

Abstract

Biography

Prof. Tao is Chair Professor of Textile Technology, Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University since 2002. Currently she holds the Vincent and Lily Woo Endowed Professorship in Textile Technology generously supported by the Vincent and Lily Woo Trust. She obtained a BEng in textile engineering from East China Institute of Textile Science and Technology with a 1st class prize and a PhD in textile physics from University of New South Wales in Australia. Prof. Tao is former World President from 2007 to 2010, an elected Fellow of the Textile Institute, elected Fellow of American Society of Mechanical Engineering and elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, Design and Commercial Applications, UK. Prof. Tao is Editor-in-Chief for Handbook of Smart Textiles by Springer, Associate Editor for Fibers and Polymers, and serves on Editorial Board of more than 10 key academic journals of the field. Prof. Tao is internationally known for her leading research work on intelligent fibrous materials, nanotechnology, photonic fibres and fabrics, flexible electronic and photonic devices, smart wearable technology, yarn manufacturing and textile composites. Prof. Tao has conducted numerous research projects and published more than 800 scientific publications including over 300 international journal papers and 7 research monographs. Her published work has been cited for more than 14,000 times with H-index of 61. Prof. Tao has been invited to deliver plenary/keynote presentations in over 100 international conferences. Among more than 40 awards received by Prof. Tao, the most prestigious ones include the Honorary Fellowship of Textile Institute in 2011, the highest individual award in textiles, and Founder’s Award by Fiber Society of USA in 2013, the highest individual award in the field of fiber science and technology. Being a great devotee of scientific discovery, Prof. Tao has led a team of prolific inventors of new technologies, with thirty two granted international and national patents. Over ten of the invented technologies have been licensed to companies worldwide for industrial applications. One of them, Nu-torque single spun yarn technology, has been used by eleven yarn manufacturing companies around the world and produced new textile and apparel products worth over 10.5 billion Hong Kong dollars from 2005 to 2013. Licensing the new technologies developed by the group, several spin-out technology companies have been established by her past graduates in Hong Kong and China. One of these young spin-outs, AdvanPro Ltd who specializes in smart wearable technologies, a member company in Microsoft famous global innovation incubation program in 2014, has developed the world first production line for fabric sensors and received numerous awards nationally and internationally. Prof. Tao also loves literature, opera and arts. She personally promotes the cross-fertilization of integration of science and arts through her research. The group’s photonic fabrics created by integrating science and arts together were invited to exhibit in Tokyo Museum of Future and Hong Kong Art Museum. Prof. Tao was the Head of Institute of Textiles and Clothing from 2003 to 2011. During this period of time, she guided the Institute in its endeavor to become one of the leading fashion and textile departments in the world. She founded the Nanotechnology Centre for Functional and Intelligent Textile and Apparel. By working closely with the industry, Prof. Tao successfully led the PolyU team to win an ITF grant of over HK$330 million for hosting Hong Kong Research Centre for Textiles and Clothing, the largest single research grant that the University has ever received. She founded Nanotechnology Centre for Functional and Intelligent Textiles and Apparel in 2004 and Research Centre for Smart Wearable Technology in 2018. As Principal Investigator, she has successfully attracted research grants over 168 million Hong Kong dollars in the last 20 years.

Speaker
Xiaoming Tao / Hong Kong Polytechnic University Kowloon, Hong Kong

Keynote Talks

Abstract

The Role of Plasma Chemistry in Sustainability of Textile Treatments Majid Sarmadi University of Wisconsin-Madison 1300 Linden Drive, Madison WI 53706-1524 Smart textiles, wearable electronics, technical textiles, are fiber/yarn based structures that are also referred to as intelligent textiles because they sense and react to the environmental conditions including but not limited to mechanical, thermal, chemical, biological, electrical, optical, etc. Although it is a new field of study, it has already shown a significant impact on the novel functionalities of the garments, furnishing, sport equipment/clothing, medical, drug release systems, military and aerospace applications. Therefore,ever increasing demand for smart textiles in the past twenty years has been responsible for a lot of demand for changing and enhancing the functionalities of textiles without compromising their aesthetics, feel, comfort and mechanical properties. Therefore, many scientists have focused their research and development on this area. In general, smart fabrics can be divided into active and passive subclasses. The active smart textiles incorporate both actuators and sensors while passive one can only sense environmental conditions. These elements must be placed on the fabric surfaces to be economical and assure efficient interaction with the environment. Plasma chemistry is the forth state of mater and can offer a very unique, novel and sustainable technique to modify the surface structure of fabrics for incorporating these required functionalities. Many chemical treatments/depositions which can’t be achieved by wet chemistry can efficiently incorporated using plasma chemistry. This presentation will highlight the sustainability and effectiveness of plasma chemistry for a few of these processes.

Biography

Professor Majid Sarmadi received his PhD from Virginia Tech in 1986 in Textile Science. As Rothermel Bascom Professor of the School of Human Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he directs the Textile Science specialization graduate as well as graduate students in the Materials Science graduate program. He is also a faculty member for the Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies at the University. His research focus includes: chemical properties and structures of textile fibers, plasma modifications of materials. His teaching and research incorporate topics related to sustainability and recycling of polymeric materials. He is the author and co-author of more than 75 scientific papers and holds three patents in the area of plasma processing of polymeric materials and plasma technology. He has written award winning carpet specifications for a few states including CA. He has received many scientific awards.

Speaker
Majid Sarmadi / University of Wisconsin-Madison,USA

Abstract

Study of the Apparel & Garments Wear Colouration Processing Ramratan1, Mohammed Gofran2, Sanjeev Singla3 1Ph. D Research Scholar,Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab, 144011, India 2-3Assistant Professor, School of Fashion Design and Technology, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, 144411, India E-mail: ramratan333@gmail.com,trugoofs@gmail.com Abstract In the recent years, the garment dyeing has been slowly emerging as a process to meet the ephemeral fashion trends adopted by the consumers and new machines and methods have made this process to wear a brighter future for it. A coloured garment is produced in basic ways.Colouration and finishing of fabric followed by its conversion to garment (the ancient process, basically a fabric dyeing process)Pretreated fabric is transformed into garment followed by colouration as well as finishing, and Garment is prepared directly from grey fabric followed by its pretreatment, colouration and finishing.Garment dyeing has proliferated itself in the present scenario because of its superior multi-fold ability, viz. Flexibility towards fast-changing market trends, Reduced cost of production, Better aesthetic properties, Reduced inventory, Augmentation of easy monitoring techniques, Replenishment of stocks with newer trend and fashion.The Present study is a general overview representGarments dyeing, Classification of garments base on wearers and use, garment dyeing machines, individual colouration of garments, garments dyeing techniques. Keywords:Garments dyeing, Garment dyeing machines, Individual colouration of garments.

Biography

will be updated soon..

Speaker
Ramratan / Department of Textile Technology, NIT Jalandhar, india

Abstract

Study of the Garments &Apparel Seam Quality Characterization Performance Ramratan1, Sukhvir Singh2, Mohammed Gofran3, Sanjeev Singla4 1Ph. D Research Scholar, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab, 144011, India 2Assistant Professor, School of Fashion and Design, Mody University, Lakshmangarh (Sikar), Rajasthan, 332311, India 3-4Assistant Professor, School of Fashion Design and Technology, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, 144411, India E-mail: ramratan333@gmail.com,sukhvirsingh.sod@modyuniversity.ac.in Abstract In good quality apparels, compatibility of the seams with the functional requirement is very important for serviceability and life of the apparel. The seam quality criteria are an important factor of garments quality and their overall quality assessment implies certain evaluation tests that depend on the designed profile of the garment. In practice, the choice of the sewing threads implies both the sewing recommendations from the supplier and the garment's individual quality criteria. For every coat and shirting, the seam stability is a feature that includes standard quality indicators for the assessment of the seam quality, and an individual quality criterion for the assessment of sewability. In addition, sewability depends on sewing thread quality, which is an issue related to seam quality.The Present study is a general overview represent types of the stitching, technology involved in a Fashion and design seam performance, apparel quality and characterization. Keywords: Stitch type, Seam, Seam characterization & quality

Biography

Will be updated soon...

Speaker
Ramratan / Department of Textile Technology, NIT Jalandhar, India

Abstract

Artificial intelligence and big data in fashion industry Sébastien Thomassey1 1ENSAIT - GEMTEX, Roubaix, France In the last decades, globalization, customization, Mobile Internet,... have tremendously changed the fashion market. In the same time, the new digital and mobile technologies have provided new data sources for companies. This data, generated by business transactions, physical sensors, social media networks and other sources, provides valuable information for decision making in this current complex environment. Thus, many data-based systems can rely on this information: tracking systems from raw materials to finished products, recommendation systems linking different production stages, design and marketing services, flexible manufacturing systems for small series productions, e-marketing methods, etc. However, in order to deal with this big data, which is by definition unstructured, massive and dynamic, companies have to rely on advanced analytic techniques. Artificial Intelligence (AI) methods are particularly suitable to deal with fashion big data. AI based techniques include artificial neural networks, heuristic and meta-heuristic, machine learning, fuzzy logic, Natural Language Processing, etc. which are able to deal with the complexity of big data in the fashion environment. Expected benefits for companies can be huge at different decision levels: - Sales forecasting, - Intelligent production process, - Flexible and reactive supply chain, - Innovative design solution, - … In this context, a large number of research works emerges and investigates this challenging and interesting topic. Therefore, it seems important to give an overview of the last advances in this field, the opportunities provided by these technologies and future developments required.

Biography

Sébastien Thomassey has completed his PhD from Lille University, France, and postdoctoral studies from the MathOR laboratory of Polytechnic University of Mons, Belgium. He is associate professor at the ENSAIT and the GEMTEX laboratory of Roubaix, France. His research interests mainly include sales forecasting of fashion products, supply chain modelling, simulation and optimization, production management and decision support systems for textile/apparel industry. He is involved in different National and European research projects. He has published more than 20 papers in reputed journals and is co-author of the book “Artificial Intelligence for Fashion Industry in the Big Data Era” (Springer, 2018).

Speaker
Thomassey Sébastien / ENSAIT - GEMTEX France

Abstract

Natural fibre assemblies for separating oil from water Rengasamy R. S, Chaderjeet Singh, Samrat Mukhopadhyay Dipayan Das Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India Pollution of water by oil is one of the major environmental issues facing the globe. Oil spill in ocean occurs due to leakage of oil during production, transport, explosion of oil storage tanks during wars and natural disasters. Discharge of lubricants present in the industrial effluent also contaminate water bodies. The oil present in water gets degraded with time and gets deposited under the sea causing major problem for the aquatic organisms. So it is essential to separate oil from water. The oil spilled over water is removed using different techniques such as skimmer, chemical, bacteria, etc. But these techniques are time consuming and harmful to the environment. The fibrous assembly either in filled or structured forms can be used to remove oil spilled over large water bodies. Commercially, polypropylene melt-blown nonwovens are widely used for oil spill clean-up. The main disadvantage of polypropylene is that they are non-biodegradable. Natural fibres such as kapok, milkweed and poplar fibres are oleophilic and have great potential for making oil sorbing pads. They can also be used as coalescence filter to separate oil in water emulsion. In this paper, we present our research work on the oil sorption of fibre assemblies prepared from kapok, milkweed and polypropylene under different conditions. We also present experimental results conducted on the coalescence filtration using these materials for separating oil in oil water emulsion.

Biography

R. S. Rengasamy has completed his PhD from IIT Delhi, India and postdoctoral studies from Kyoto University, Japan. He is a professor of textile technology, IIT Delhi, a premiere technological institute. He has published more than 70 papers in reputed journals and has presented about 30 papers in conferences. He has authored/edited few chapters, books and monographs. His areas of research interests includes, clothing comfort, extreme cold climate clothing, oil-spill clean-up using natural fibres, sound insulation of nonwovens, absorbent materials for hygiene applications, technical textiles and apparel technology. He is on board of academic institutions on textile curriculum development.

Speaker
R S Rengasamy / Dept. of Textile Technology IIT Delhi

Abstract

Smart Textile Integrated Microelectronic Systems and Applications Xiaoming Tao Research Centre of Smart Wearable Technology Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hon Kong , China Email: xiao-ming.tao@polyu.edu.hk Website: www.polyu.edu.hk/itc/itcproftao Abstract The programmable nature of smart textiles has made it as an indispensable part of emerging disruptive technology, Smart textile integrated microelectronic systems (STIMES), that combines with microelectronics and information technology like artificial intelligence and augmented or virtual reality, have been intensively explored. Many promising applications in health, Internet of Things, smart city, robotics etc. have been demonstrated around the world. This article provides a timely overview and comprehensive review of the progress in the literature reported in recent years. It covers several main aspects: functional materials, major fabrication processes of smart textile components, functional devices, system architectures and heterogeneous integration, wearable applications in human-related and non-human categories, as well as safety and security of STIMES. Major types of smart textile integrated non-conventional functional devices are discussed in details: sensors, actuators, displays, antennas, energy harvesters and their hybrids, battery and supercapacitors, circuit boards, and memory devices.

Biography

Prof. Xiaoming Tao has a PhD in textile physics from University o New South Wales, Australia after completing her BEng in textile engineering from East China Institute of Textiles Science and Technology (Donghua University), China. She is the founding director of Research Centre of Smart Wearable Technology and Chair Professor of Textile Technology at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. She has authored or co-authored over 800 scientific publications, among which 7 research monographs, 330 SCI journal papers and 40 patents. She is the recipient of the Founder Award by Fiber Society and Honorable Fellow Award of Textile Institute.

Speaker
Xiaoming Tao / Institute of Textiles and Clothing The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Kowloon, Hong Kong

Abstract

Engineering textile structural composite materials : Towards sustainability B.K. Behera Department of Textile Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India The whole world is targeting ecofriendly products which can be used with low energy consumption at a reduced cost. Hence energy efficient materials are to play a major role for this mission.Reinforced composite materials open up completely new skylines in an assortment of mechanical applications, compared with traditional materials. They are most useful in structures where the critical issue is how well the final product performs. Their superb properties such as mechanical strength, fatigue resistance and chemical resistance combined with the greater flexibility offer to design near net shape complex structures like solid, hollow, profiled, auxetic and aerodynamic structures result in cost effective solutions in advanced composite industry. Over and above, light weight load bearing structures open up unlimited possibilities of energy saving measures. In composite making, woven fabrics are the most preferred reinforcement other than fiber mats. It is the structural integrity which bears the prime responsibility of transformation of fibre properties to composite structures. The weaving standard is additionally equipped for making structures that have significant measurement in the thickness heading shaped by layers of fabrics or yarns, termed as the three-dimensional (3D) fabrics. At present, both the traditional and uniquely made weaving machines are utilized to make different 3D fabrics, mostly for the structural composite applications in the field of aerospace, marine, automotives, sports, medical, wind energy and civil construction. There have been effective endeavours in growing new weaving gadgets, especially to make 3D woven solid, spacer, aerodynamic and profiled structures in the Focus incubation center of 3D fabric and structural composites in Indian Institute of Technology Delhi. Efforts are also being made to develop innovative 3D structures with various geometrical configuration. The importance of various woven structures such as 3D solids, spacer fabrics, profiled structures, auxetic structures and their properties and process optimization along with the advantages they carry with them have been studied in great detail keeping in view their applications in structural composite materials. Spacer fabrics are proved to be strong for the structural applications due to their light weight and presence of reinforcement along their thickness direction. They have a promising future in the lightweight application areas and can be the real substitutes for aluminium and other metal alloys. In this way there dependably exists an interest on more creative structures to fulfil the requirement for present lightweight situated innovation. Improvement of complex preforms from a straightforward weaving innovation would dependably be a genuine test for a textile technocrat. Some new structural sandwich composites have also been developed using 3D woven spacer structures for their excellent properties, especially complete molding and good designing. Regardless of weave architectures, the 3D woven fabrics as composite preforms have an imperative part to play in the improvement of cutting edge material composites. 3D-weaving technology does not only support extremely low cost manufacturing, but also decreases the impact to the environment and contribute to sustainability. In the first place, 3D technology supports the use of more abundant materials like plastics in substitution of metals, as well as less energy intensive manufacturing processes and decreases logistic efforts in the supply chain.

Biography

Brief Bio data of B. K. Behera BijoyaKumar Behera, PhD Professor Department of Textile Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi HauzKhas, New Delhi-110016, INDIA Email :behera@textile.iitd.ernet.in , Tel: 91-11-26591414 Mob : 9818808423 Dr B. K. Behera is working as professorin the Department of Textile Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi. His area of specialization includes Fabric manufacturing, 3D weaving and Braiding, Apparel Engineering and Quality control, Project Management, Textile Structural Composites and Concretes and Mechanics of Textile Structure. His Current research interest includesDesign and manufacturing of Textile structural composites and concretes, Green composites, 3D weaving, Home Textiles , Protective Clothing, Automotive Textiles and Project Management.Prof Beherahas authored more than 250 peer-reviewed papers and delivered more than 350 talks in various international conferences and symposia including 50 plenary and invited speech in international conference. He has authored , co-authored and chapter contributions in 15 books relating to Textile structural Mechanics, Soft computing in Textiles and Weaving Technology. Prof. Behera has supervised more than 70 PhD and Master thesis . He has seven patents to his credit. Prof. Behera has successfully completed 25 sponsored research projects and more than 75 industrial consultancy projects as principal investigator. At present he is chief of a Focus Incubation Center in 3D weaving and Structural composites supported by Ministry of Textiles.He has also worked as visiting professor inShinshu university Japan, Technical university of Liberec, Czech Republic and University of Sao paul , Brazil. He has been an invited speaker in many foreign universities and institutions which includes Technical university Liberec, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Japan, VUTS research centre Czech Republic, Promatech Machinery Research centre Italy, Composite research institute Budapest, Sao Paulo university Brazil. Prof. Behera is member of governing council of several reputed Textile institutions and member of Board of studies in five Technical universities . He is also member of Board of Directors of three reputed textile companies in India.

Speaker
Bijoya Kumar Behera / Indian Institute of Technology Delhi Session India

Abstract

An experimental study on lotus petiole fiber Madhu Sharan, Sumi haldar Department of Clothing & Textiles, Faculty of Family and Community Sciences The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda Vadodara, Gujarat, India Lotus plant has its existence all over the world. In India its cultivation is across the country. Lotus (nelambo nucifera gaertn) is the aquatic perennial plant belonging to the family Nelumbonaceac. Different pants of this plant are used for specific purpose like rhizome, leaves, fruits and seeds are used for medical purposes. In India, flower is used for worshipping of gods. The stem after using flower is thrown as waste. This petiole is rich in fiber which is orderly assembled in form of “Helix”. This study was planned to extract fibers from the petioles. The extracted fibers were tested for its tensile strength, moisture absorption, and microscopic structure diameter. Results recalled that this fibre can be used as textile fibre. Keywords: Petioles, textile Fibre, tensile strength, textile use.

Biography

Dr. Madhu Sharan, Head and professor with the department of Clothing and Textiles, Faculty of Family and Community Sciences of The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara. Have taught various subjects related to Clothing and Textiles. Guided students for dissertation in areas of design, historic art and paintings, natural dyes, traditional textiles. Recognised Ph.D. guide for the Clothing and Textiles. Has published and presented more than fifty papers. Also working as Associate director for Textile and Apparel Design programme. Dr. Madhu Sharan Head Department of Clothing and Textiles Department

Speaker
Madhu Sharan / The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda Session India

Abstract

Mineral fiber: Basalt, Future of composites. Dr. Hafsa Jamshaid 1,2 Chairperson, Group Leader Protective Textile 1 .National Textile University Pakistan. 2. Technical University of Liberec Czech Republic Technical textiles are new horizon for achievements in textile industry and it has become talk of the town in the recent past. Technical textiles have a variety of applications and industries. Meeting end product specification is a big challenge especially for industrial goods. The growing use of polymer composite materials in various field of technical textiles applications demands the development of products able to fulfill both technical and ever-stricter environmental requirements. Fiber reinforcements in composite material are generally used to improve the mechanical properties and environmental resistance when exposure to extreme environment takes place. The glass and carbon fibers as reinforcements in composites is of greater use as they possess excellent mechanical and thermal properties, and durability but a question is always raised when it comes to environmental issues. Mineral fibers from basalt is natural, safe and easy to recycle. Basalt fibers have good physical and chemical properties, as well as good adhesion to metals, epoxies and glues. Not only do they boast good mechanical and chemical resistance, but also exhibit excellent thermal, electric and acoustic insulation properties. Due to all these favorable properties, Basalt fiber can be used in several applications in technical textile.

Biography

Dr.Engr. Hafsa Jamshaid completed her PhD from Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic (Europe). She is working as Associate Professor ,chairperson of knitting department, National Textile University. Teaching undergraduate, MSc. and PhD level classes and doing research on structures, natural materials composites and protective textiles. Teaching experience of more than 15 years. Have authored more than 26 impact factor journal paper, 3 books, 21 chapters in books and 40 conference communications. Editorial team member in various journals. Working is European union projects. Awarded Fellowship from Textile Institute, Manchester, UK.

Speaker
Hafsa Jamshaid / National Textile University Faisalabad

Abstract

Wearable Technology and Sustainability in Fashion Design Galina Mihaleva, Associate Professor , ADM, NTU Abstract Facing the forth technological revolution technology is predicted to be imbedded in everyday objects, even in our own bodies.One of the most vibrant and fast forward moving industry is the fashion industry, also very open for interdisciplinary collaborations with the other disciplines. This project explores aesthetic territory at the intersection of wearable technologies with global traditional cultures and sustainable fashion design, providing alternative ways for people across cultures to express and communicate in the networked, hybrid physical-digital domain.

Biography

Will be updated soon

Speaker
Galina Mihaleva / NTU,ADM Singapore

Abstract

SOME UNEXPLORED NATURAL VEGETABLE FIBRES FOR TEXTILE APPLICATION Dr. Sunil Kumar Sett Retired Professor, Dept. of Jute and Fibre Technology University of Calcutta, India Over the last few years, with the “go green” and “organic”, “biodegradable” consciousness taking over globally, many eco-friendly natural fibers other than commonly used cotton, wool, jute, silk etc. are available in different countries Some of these fibres are either bast, leaf or from other natural sources and are either abundantly available or produced for other than textile purposes. Fibres like Ramie (available in certain climatic and soil condition), Hemp ( production was banned in some countries but allowed now to certain varieties having medicinal and textile use), Banana (widely accepted as fibre but still long way to go), Nettle (abundantly available in high altitude but not popularise), Sisal (a fibre accepted as rope), Bhimal (abundantly available but not still popularise as fibre) are mostly uncommon natural fibres available plenty throughout different countries. Many of the above fibres like ramie, hemp, nettle, bhimal are having antibacterial properties and these medicinal plants are used by the local people for their daily uses. The fibres extracted from the above plants are having suitable textile properties and can be introduced commercially for producing yarns and fabrics for apparel and technical textiles. There is no definite technology available to produce textile grade fibre and conversion of the same to yarn and fabric. This paper deals with the availability and certain important characteristics of these fibres which makes them suitable as textile fibre. Possible spinning technologies are also dealt with.

Biography

Dr. Sunil Kumar Sett completed graduation in Textile Technolgy from University of Calcutta in 1975, complted Post Graduation in Textile Engineering from I I T Delhi in 1978 and PhD from University of Cacutta in 1996. Besides one year in the Industry, worked as Scientific Officer in Bombay Textile Research Association for four years Dr. Sett has got a vast teaching experince in the field of Yarn Manufacture partly in the College of Textile Technology, Serampore, W B and mostly in the Department of Jute and Fibre Technology (formerly Institute of Jute and Fibre Technology), University of Calcutta, India. Prof. Sett became the first Head of the Department of Jute and Fibre Technology and retired from service in the year 2017. Prof. Sett is Fellow of Institution of Engineers(India), Textile Association (India) and India Society of Engineers. He has published more than 45 papers in various National and International journals of repute.

Speaker
Sunil kumar sett / Dept. of Jute and Fibre Technology University of Calcutta, India

Abstract

The Horizons of Textile Technology Engineering Prof. Dr.Eng,Taher Kaddar, Professor at Department of Textile Industries Mechanical Engineering and their Technology Faculty of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Damascus University, Syria . The development, investment and future prospects of the Textile Technology Engineering provide successful opportunities in a wide range of fields such as: cotton picking and ginning, sheep, silkworm breeding, natural and industrial fibers, spinning, weaving industry, Knitting, carpets and velvets and technical textileproduction. Present and future horizons ofTextile Engineeringdepends on how providing the appropriate environment and strong incubator of creativity and invention, Managing scientific research, optimal investment of natural resources in textile industries, applying the international management standards, producing new machinery, applying of nanotechnology and expanding the production of environmentally friendly fabrics. To secure the growing human needs of various textile products and services,we must join together in the various fields..

Biography

Dr. Taher Rajab Kaddar earned his Ph.D. in Spinning and Weaving Technology Engineering with emphasis in Weaving Technology Engineering from "Gheorghe Asachi" Technical University of IASI, Romania in 1985 . After working as a head of the textile division, head of studies department in General Organization of Textile Industries(GOTI) in Damascus, Syria four years Assistant director/director of the Directorate of Manufacturing and Chairman of Scientific Research and Industrial Development Department in the Military Housing Establishment(MILIHOUSE)for fourteen years. Member of Staff and Head of Textile and spinning Engineering department in Faculty of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering in Al-Baath Universityfour fourteen years. He is currently an Professor in Department of Textile Industries Mechanical Engineering and their Technology, Faculty of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Damascus University, Syria,and his work has been published in such journals as the Journal of Textile Science & Engineering, Textiles and Light Industrial Science and Technology and the journal of Damascus University. Dr. Kaddaralso has 10 patents, 20 golden award from suchc as WIPO, published14 book, Registered QMS Lead Auditor in IRCA London .In parallel hedirected the scientific committee of AL Basel exhibition for inventions and creations, for eighteen years.

Speaker
Taher Kaddar / Damascus University Syria

Abstract

Developing a smart vest for athletes monitoring Abher. Rasheed1, Nauman Ali2 1National Textile University, Pakistan 2RMIT, Australia Textile materials or products capable of performing an unusual function are known as smart textiles. The reesarch in smart textiles has gained pace in last few years. As people are getting more health conscious, the use of smart textiles for the physiological monitoring have rapidly grown. The major reason of the rapid growth of this domain is that people are in contact with the textile products almost 90% of the time during their lives. The current research revolves around the development of a smart vest for the physiological monitoring of athletes. There are products available in the market for the same purpose but they are extremely expensive have some limitations. For example electri wires are used which may cause discomfort for the wearer. The aim of this study was to develop a smart vest for determiniing the breathing rate and muscle activity for an athlete without compromising the wearer’s comfort. A sports vest andtTextile based sensors were developed. The sensors were then embeded in the vest. Further, a PCB was designed to process the signals of the sensors and to send the processed data to a mobile device wirelessly. Finally, a mobile application was developed to receive and display the data to the user.

Biography

Dr. Abher Rasheed has completed his PhD from ENSISA France. He is the Chairman Department of Garment Manufacturing at National Textile University, Pakistan. He has 1 patent and 16 papers in reputed journals on his credit. He has also contributed in four books published by the reputed international publishers. He is leading “Smart Textile Research Group (STRG) which has won more than PKR. 10 million.

Speaker
Abher Rasheed / National Textile University Session Pakistan

Abstract

Ergonomic Risk Strategy in the Garment Industry Gordana Colovic The College of Textile – Design, Technology and Management, Belgrade SE-ERGO, Belgrade The value of ergonomics is beyond health and safety. The strategy to increase productivity must also be based on ergonomic desing workplace for all employees in garment production, because only healthy workers are productive. Ergonomic muscle-bone disorders are the fastest growing among all the categories of diseases. This paper emphasizes how ergonomics can add value to a garment company’s business strategy. Ergonomics increases the efficiency and productivity of production or business system, improves health, safety and comfort of a man in his working environment.

Biography

Dr Gordana Colovic graduated on Department of Textile and Mechanical Engineering, Technical Faculty, B.Sc Textile Technology, M.Sc. Technical Science and she holds a PhD in Industrial management. She works in The College of Textile – Design, Technology and Management in Belgrade like a professor for Organization of manufacturing, Work study, Marketing management for garment industry, Strategic management and Market research. She is Head of the Department Management in the textile industry. She is also owner Consulting agency SE-ERGO. She is member a lot of associations, scientific committees, Editorial board member in 8 journals and reviewer in 13 journals.

Speaker
Gordana Colovic / College of Textile – Design Yugoslavia

Abstract

GEOMETRICAL MODELLING OF PLAIN WEFT KNITTED FABRICS Vojislav Gligorijevic1, Goran Demboski2, Radica Nicic1, Jovan Stepanovic1, Nenad Cirkovic1 1University ofNis, FacultyofTechnology, Leskovac, Serbia 2Ss. CyrilandMethodiusUniversity in Skopje, FacultyofTechnologyandMetallurgy, Skopje, Macedonia e-mail: vojatrik@yahoo.com The model oftherelationshipbetweentheloop, theorderofthelooplengthandthelengthoftheloop in theloopwasdeveloped.Thecoordinatevaluesofthepointsillustratedwerecalculatedwhichdefinethecentralaxisofyarnusingthe spline curves in Abaqus/CAE.Abaqus/CAE calculatestheshapeofthecurveusing a cubic spline fitbetweenallpointsalongthe spline; In addition, thefirstandsecondderivativesofthe spline are continuous. The 3D modelsofplainweftknitfabricscan be generatedbysweepingthecircularcrosssectionoftheyarnalongthecentralaxisoftheyarn. Yarnswereassumed to be incompressible in nature. Knittedfabricshave a goodstretchpropertythatofferbetterconformabilityandavoidexcessivepressurebetweenthegarmentandbody. Manyresearchershaveanalyzedthegeometricalpatternofknittedfabrics. In 1926 Chamberlainpresented a twodimensionalloopstructureofplainknittedfabric.Heproposedthatthetheoreticallycorrectfabric, in which GH representthe distance betweenthecentersoftwoloops,GKHrepresenttheequilateral triangle and KJ bisecttheequilateraltriangle.InChamberlain's model there is no considerationofloop in thirddimension in order to producethefabricwithmaximumcoverfactor, but it is onlypossiblewhen GH is the distance betweentheloops in horizontaldirectionand KJ is thecorrectlengthbetweentheloops in longitudinaldirection. so thelengthofloopcannot be predictedwithhighaccuracy. In 1947 Peircedeveloped a geometric model ofplainweftknitfabric on theassumptionthattheloopformed from thecirculararcandstraight line andtheyarncentralaxisfollows a path on thesurfaceofcylinderfollowingthedirectionof a course. In order to developtherelationshipofstitchlength in termsofyarndiameter, walesandcoursespacing. Keywords:loop, looplength in loop, loopgeometry, geometricloop model.

Biography

Will be updated soon

Speaker
Vojislav Gligorijevic / University in Ni Serbia

Abstract

Title : A Kinetic Study of Alkaline Degumming Process of Retted Banana Fiber Mr Viral Sagar1 & Dr S R Shah2 Department of Textile Chemistry, Faculty of Technology & Engineering, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara – 390 001, Gujarat, India. ( 2 : Corresponding author: srshah24263@yahoo.co.in) Banana, Musa Acuminate, is the second most crop produces in India after rice and the stem of used plant is thrown as the agro waste in roadside. Banana fiber has got certain inherent characteristics, namely, antimicrobial, bio-degradability, high wettability, elegant feel, less crumble etc. At present the said fiber is used as low grade products i.e. in production of papers, ropes, mats, shipping cables, fishing nets and certain composite materials. The fiber can be explored as value added textile and allied products after the development of new physico – chemical techniques. Many researchers have invented better physical extraction methods form stem of the fiber into raw (retted) fiber stage. Chemical pretreatment (degumming) processes of retted banana fiber have been revealed by very few scientists and most of them are patented. No researches are available pertain to the kinetics of the processing of said fiber. In the present investigation a systematic and scientific invention on the degumming process of banana fiber has been carried out. For this purpose, the various kinetic parameters, namely, rate curves, half time, rate constant and activation energy values were evaluated. Form the values of these kinetic parameters the optimal process of degumming for retted banana fiber has been derived and characterized. The process will transfer the waste banana stem into best banana textile fiber. This can create monetarily benefits to the farmers for their waste products and uplift their socio - economic status.

Biography

Prof. Shailesh R shah is presently working as Head of The Department of Textile Chemistry, Faculty of Technoogy & Enginnering, The M S Universty of Baroda. He has published about 50 research papers in international and international journals and oral presented in many international & national conferences/seminars. He has guided manu students for Master dissertation projects and Ph.D. student. He has got 6 years industrial and 26 years of research (academic) experiences.

Speaker
SHAILESH R SHAH / DEPARTMENT OF TEXTILE CHEMISTRY India

Abstract

Functional and Intelligent Fiber Researches in TMIRC K. B. Cheng1, 2, F. L. Huang2, J. Y. Fu2 Department of Fiber and Composite Material1, Textile and Material Industrial Research Center2, Feng Chia University, Taichung 407, Taiwan The Textile and Material Industry Research Center (TMIRC) at Feng Chia University (FCU) was mechanism founded in 2013 and provide operational services, combining multiple industrial, governmental, and academic collaborative mechanisms and resources. Research outcomes based on industrial and academicals collaboration on functional and intelligent fibers, composite materials, and films have successfully assisted a number of Taiwanese firms and their international partners. Achievement includes adding core materials and fiber raw material development, yarn, fabric and soft substract surface treatment, process technology, core competence and teaching resources for new product application development, and improving basic technical capabilities and product value and quality in domestic fiber firms. The second phase of the continuous program focuses on the innovating and developing smart fibers and textiles, and scaling up to develop multi-functional fiber raw material synthesis technology and smart fiber product manufacturing processes. The study aims to build a marker system for recyclable and functional fibers, to recycle marked cellulose, polyester, nylon and their blends, and to develop the upcycling processes and techniques for the reused fibers from textiles, garments, and polymers. Our team of innovation will functionalize the recycled fibers to explore potential applications and commercial opportunities like filtration membranes for oil-water separation/water treatment, padding/stuffing for health care shoes/composites. Therefore, the goal is to develop an innovative upcycling and refabricating process to produce functional materials and to promote the related industries such as compatibilization, dyeing and finishing to fiber-related industries. Through the synergetic cooperation of FCU’s faculty/graduate students who originate high value-added and multi-functional fibers and her strategic and faithful industry alliance, the “Functional Textiles and Materials Industry Development Consortium” which includes nonprofit organizations and entrepreneurs, novel goods with expanding international markets are expected to come true. The R&D team of FCU/TMIRC continuously and actively assisted in solving issues such as innovative raw materials, production technology, and product design for the alliance companies, basic technological capabilities, and integration technologies in the textile and nanomaterials industry, and development of flexible optical, electrical, and thermal components that can be used in textiles. Process technologies such as HIPIMS and GFS are focused on the development of components for smart textiles, enhancing the added value and international competitiveness of high-intelligence industries, and strengthening the supply chain to facilitate cross-industry integration to expand the blue ocean market. Dr. Distinguished Prof. Cheng, Kou-Pin Distinguished Professor, Department of Fiber and Composite Materials, Engineering College, Feng Chia University Chairman, Textile and Material Industrial Research Center, Feng Chia University

Biography

Professor Kou Pin, Cheng is the founder of the Textile and Material Industry Research Center (TMIRC) at Feng Chia University since September 2013. He worked for the Department of Textile Engineering and Molecule Science Engineering since 1985 until 2008, National Taipei University of Technology (NTUT); and Department of Fiber and Composite Materials (FCM) of the Feng Chia University (FCU) from 2008 till now. Presently, he is also working as Chairman, TMIRC, College of Engineering, FCU. He has earned a PhD degree in Textile Engineering from Feng Chia University in 1988. He also visited Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU) in UK and Kyoto Institute of Technology (KIT) in Japan as the Visiting Scholar. His research interest is in the areas of Textile Engineering, Functional Fiber, Polymer, Composites, Intelligent Textiles, Recycle Fibers Applications, and Experimental Design Method etc. He is using FLIR Thermal Image Camera, Qmax, DSC, TGA, FTIR, SEM, Thermal Conductivity and Diffusivity measurements since 1998 for research and education in Functional Fiber, Yarn, Fabric, Polymer, Film, and Composites Structure, Constitutions analysis and their applications. He has published more than 400 scientific papers in international and local journals and over 400 scientific papers in international and local conference worldwide. He has authored over 30 patents on Functional Fiber and Composites related fields. He has been working for various reputed international and local journals. He applied over 10 projects every year and got budget from Government and Industrial which involved fiber and composites products. He has been involved in active academic, society and industrial consultancy since his inception at National Taipei University of Technology (NTUT) and FCU. He is actively involved for organization of seminars, forum, workshops, visited for students of FCM, NTUT, and TMIRC. Until now, he created more than 7 million USD production value in functional and intelligent Fiber, Yarn, Fabric, Film and Composite Materials within five years.

Speaker
Cheng, Kuo- Pin / Department of Fiber and Composite Material Taiwan

Abstract

ABSTRACT DEVELOPMENT OF SIDA RHOMBIFOLIA FIBRE (SRF) - A NATURAL AND MEDICINAL FIBRE IN TEXTILE APPLICATIONS. NkemajaDydimusEfeze1, K. MurugeshBabu3, and Ebenezer NJEUGNA2 1HTTTC-Bambili, University of Bamenda, Cameroon 2ENSET- Douala, University of Douala, Cameroon 3Department of Textile Technology and Research Centre, Bapuji Institute of Engineering & Technology, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Davangere-577004, Karnataka, India. Sidarhombifolia belongs to malvaceae family and it is known for its high medicinal value. Various parts of the plants are used in the treatment of rheumatism, inflammation, tooth ache, gonorrhea and asantihypertensive agent. Less focus has been given to the use of high quality fibres present on the stem. In Niger the fibres are used to make fishing-lines and nets and in the Central African Republic for making large hunting-nets and in Cameroon, it is used as ropes to tie firewood. Recent studies on SRF have revealed that it is a potential fibre for textile application. Water Retting has been proven to be one of the best methods for the extraction of SRF.The fibre can be softened with enzyme and fibre related properties (elongation, breaking tenacity, and inertial modulus) aregood and enable the fibre suitable for spinning. The fibre can be blended with modal fibre (60:40) for yarn production. Mechanical properties (CSP, U% and CV %) of the yarn have been studied and the results showed that SRF/Modal blended yarn exhibit high CSP.SRF/Modal fabric produced from the blended SRF yarn has moderate tensile, tearing and bursting strength compared to other varieties of fabrics. Another interesting property of SRF is the anti-bacterial properties which inhibit the growth of some bacterial (staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes). Excellent properties of SRF and SRF/Modal fabrics make it to find its application in apparel, home furnishing, and fashion industry, health care and in medical textile field.

Biography

Carried out my PhD research work in the Department of Textile Technology, Research Centre of Bapuji Institute of Engineering and Technology (BIET) affiliated to Visvesveraya Technological University Kanataka – India and then defended under the University of Douala – Cameroon. I am presently heading the Department of Home Science and Textile Technology in the University of Bamenda-Cameroon since 2015. Since 2015 till date, I have published 10 papers in reputed journals. I am serving as editorial board member of International Journal of Textile fibres and American Journal of Industrial Crops and products. Currently serving as Ph.D. Foreign examiner in Textile Technology of Visvesvaraya Technological University Kanataka – India

Speaker
Dydimus Efeze Nkemaja / The University of Bamenda Session Cameroon

Abstract

Microchips in yarns - a revolutionary new approach to manufacturing intelligent garments Professor Tilak Dias, Advanced Textiles Research Group, Nottingham Trent University Abstract Textile clothing has always been multifunctional. A shirt might provide warmth, demonstrate one’s status or be somewhere to keep one’s pen. Over the centuries technologies have developed to enhance functionality of textiles. Major developments have been the introduction of synthetic fibres, advances in breathable waterproof fabrics and easy care properties together with specific functions such as impact protection or flame resistance. Presently there is a growing interest in integrating electronics with textiles, and the current approaches include inserting pre-packaged electronics into pockets, stitching or printing circuits to the fabric surface or integrating functionality using conductive threads. However, the ultimate goal should be to integrate electronic functionality into textiles without compromising the required textile characteristics of softness, flexibility and conformability. In addition, to minimise costs, it is essential that electronic textiles can be produced on conventional textile equipment. A novel approach is to encapsulate semi-conductor chips within the fibres of yarns. As a textile conforms to a shape some regions bend and some go into shear deformation. Both factors are important for drape and conformability. Knitted and woven textiles are able to conform to a shape as they bend and shear. For example, thin polymer films can bend but, as it cannot shear, it buckles and crumples rather than conform to a shape. This presentation will focus on a novel approach that is being pioneered at UK’s Nottingham Trent University in which semi-conductor chips are soldered to fine copper wires and then incorporated within the fibres of a yarn. The chips are protected by polymer micro-pods (Figure1). Free fibres between micro-pods help retain the desired textile characteristics. The electronically functional yarns are then woven or knitted using conventional textile equipment.

Biography

Microchips in yarns - a revolutionary new approach to manufacturing intelligent garments

Speaker
Tilak Dias / Nottingham Trent University Session United Kingdom

Abstract

Abstract for the International Conference on Textile Engineering, Bangkok, Thailand, Oct 21-22, 2019 CO2 laser etching as an environmentally friendly method for patterning and distressing indigo dyed denim fabric: Evaluation of colour fastness and textile performance Prabhuraj D. Venkatraman1 and Christopher M. Liauw2 1Senior Lecturer in Textile Technology, Manchester Fashion Institute, Faculty of Arts and Humanities and 2 Senior Lecturer, School of Healthcare Science, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Manchester Metropolitan University, Cavendish Street, Manchester, M15 6BH, United Kingdom Laser fading and patterning of denim is an emerging method for production of distressed effects and is of interest to fashion designers as the degree of control over the extent of indigo removal, spatial resolution and reproducibility opens the door to new bespoke designs that are appealing to all age groups.Previous investigations have not investigated the colourfastness of laser patterned effects after washing and the effect on textile durability. This information is vital for the apparel industry for the development of care labelling that advises the consumer how to wash/maintain laser patterned denim products. In this project, three indigo dyed 100% cotton twill woven fabrics of varying weights, representative of various garment applications,have been selected. A commercially available pulsed laser (14 to 18 W) with a wavelength of 10.62 μm was used at varying speeds (80% and 100%). Laser pulses per inch (ppi) was varied in the range 400 and 300 ppi. In addition, the paper also shows that the laser method is an environmentally friendly approach as there are no chemicals involved, hence no water-based effluents and very minimal volatile air polluting products are produced. Fabrics were evaluated for tensile strength, extent of ablation (thickness), and colourfastness. Due to excessive ablation, higher laser power has a greater effect on the strength of the light weight fabrics. Interestingly, colour change is higher following washing as it removed the indigo dye as well as the thermally degraded fibres from the surface of the fabric, resulting in a much more open structure compared to the pristine denim fabric. The outcomes from this study informs the apparel industry of the effect of laser treatment on denim fabrics across varying fabric weights used for shirts, jeans and jackets and it facilitates in recommending optimum treatment conditions as well as consumer care and maintenance of such treated fabrics. Key words: Laser patterning, indigo dyed denim, tensile strength, colour fastness and thickness.

Biography

Dr. Venkatraman completed his PhD degree from the University of Bolton, UK during 2006 and he is currently working as a Senior Lecturer in Textile Technology and Research Cluster Leader for Innovative Materials and Product Development at Manchester Fashion Institute and had widely published papers in the area of technical textiles, sportswear and healthcare product evaluation. Corresponding author: p.venkatraman@mmu.ac.uk

Speaker
Prabhuraj Venkatraman / Manchester Metropolitan University Session United Kingdom

Abstract

Development and Characterization of Healthcare and Hygiene Textile Products using Biofibres and Biopolymers Shanmugasundaram O.L K.S. Rangasamy College of Technology, Tamil Nadu, India The present work is to develop and characterize healthcare and hygiene textile products such as baby diapers, bandages, and drug releasing sutures from biofibres and biopolymers. The products were characterized using FT-IR and SEM. The physical properties like absorbency, density, thickness, air-permeability and polymer add-on were measured. Antibacterial activity of biopolymer coated banages and sutureswere evaluated and results indicated a positive effect against the Gram’s positive Staphylococcus aureus and Gram’s negative Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli bacteria. Moreover, performance analysis of the products such durg relasing character, wound healing property, liquid -strike through, acquisition time under load and rewet under load were assessed.

Biography

Wii be updated soon

Speaker
O.L.Shanmugasundaram / K.S. Rangasamy College of Technology India

Abstract

Optimization of process parameters of ring spun cotton yarn by multiple linear regression analysis A- Engr.Mohammad Ali Zeeshan, B- Engr.Shouket Ali Adnan, C- Engr.Shahid Ali Farhan Baluchistan University of Information Technology Engineering and Management Science Quetta, Pakistan. engrzeeshan@hotmail.com, engr.zeeshan@buitms.edu.pk Abstract— Cotton is most commonly used natural fiber and has major contribution in the production of yarn manufacturing. This yarn subsequently utilized for the production of fabrics, garments and other textile products. The quality of end product is depending on the selection of appropriate spinning process and production parameters. Numerous methods and process are involved for the production of yarn. Ring spinning machine is most useful machine for the production of cotton spun yarn. It is required to optimize the process parameters of ring machine to enhance production of yarn without disturbing the yarn quality. In this study, the process parameters (spindle speed, twist, yarn diameter) were studied which affect the yarn quality. These parameters have been optimized by applying the multiple linear regression analysis. Ring frame is considered to be important because of the last machine involve for the production and quality of the yarn. The ring spun processes parameters, affecting the spun yarn quality parameters like evenness and yarn imperfection. In this research work, the models for predicting the most significant ring spun yarn quality parameters were constructed by utilizing USTER evenness tester data. Count of yarn, yarn twist and spindle speed were selected as predicator as its major effect on yarn characteristics. The 135 ring yarns samples have been produced from 3 dissimilar yarn count at three different spindle speeds and twist level on the identical spinning machine, position and condition Each yarn was spun in three yarn counts (8 Ne, 16 Ne and 24 Ne) at three different Twist multipliers (3.8, 4.0 and 4.2) and spindle speed (9500 rpm, 10500rpm and 11500 rpm). The multiple regression method has been used to find out the relation amongst the process parameters and yarn quality characteristics. The high values of R2 (the coefficient of determination) shows the relationships in the prediction model. Keywords: Count, IPI, Quality parameters and Ring Spinning.

Biography

Will be updated soon

Speaker
Mohammad Ali Zeeshan / Baluchistan university Pakistan

Abstract

International Conference on Textile Engineering (TextileEngg-2019), October 21-22, 2019 Bangkok, Thailand Abstract A Study on Roughness of Woven Fabrics H.Z. OZEK, S. OZTURK Namik Kemal University, Dept. Of Textiles Engineering Corlu, Tekirdag, TURKIYE Roughness for woven fabrics is defined as the average deviation of the surface profile through one direction (warp or weft). It is known that the roughness of woven fabrics can affect many properties such as pilling tendency, abrasion resistance, handle, wettability and adhesion, printing quality, drapability and aerodynamic performance. On the other hand it was found by Militky that paired correlation between subjective hand ratings and surface roughness is statistically not significant. Many parameters beginning from fibre properties to the last finishing process affect fabric surface roughness. From a general point of view, the rough surface structure of fabrics displays two basic geometrical features as random and structural aspect. Periodic fluctuation of roughness is mainly determined by the arrangement of warp and weft in accordance with weave. The spatial variation in random manner is rather complicated and cannot be directly relevant to any single factor. There is not any particular international test standard for measurement and analysis of fabric surface. Surface roughness is usually measured by contact profilometry but other methods are also presently usable. In general, ISO 4287 in which terms, definitions and surface structural parameters related to roughness are defined, is applied. Some of recent studies on the roughness measurement have involved the use of optic scanning method to obtain three dimensional surface image and topography. It is apparently a non-contact and short-time measurement method without colour and pattern sensibility. In this study, such a method is used to study the roughness characteristics of woven fabrics. A series of samples with three material type, namely cotton, wool and polyester woven on 4 basic weaves are used for experimental study. The experimental results shows that fabric construction and weft density greatly affect the surface roughness. The results appear to be in agreement with earlier studies which used the contact profilometry for measurements.

Biography

H.Ziya Ozek is a Professor in the Department of Textile Engineering, University of Namik Kemal in Turkey. Having a B.Sc degree in Textiles Engineering from Uludag University of Bursa, Turkey, He received his MSc and PhD from the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology in the U.K. He has also a work experience of textile industry for almost 10 years. Professor Ozek has extensive expertise in weaving technology. His research interests are in the areas of fabric technology, weaving, functional textiles, sustainability in textiles and new product development. He has conducted various academic and industrial reserch projects in these areas.

Speaker
H.Ziya Ozek / Namik Kemal University Turkey

Abstract

International Conference on Textile Engineering Re-engineering Fashion Retailing : Insights into retailing’ innovations in the post- Digital Era. Maged Kamal Youssef,1 1Heriot-Watt University, Dubai Campus, Dubai, UAE Fashion retailing has distinct features that force companies to keep up the latest trends and innovations. Therefore, fashion retailers try to take advantage of technology and innovation more than ever. This presentation is aiming to highlight the most important technology innovations that could help Fashion brands and retailers boost their businesses, and to find out how the digital transformation of fashion brands could affect the brand image and exclusivity. Through reviewing the main existing digital tools like VR, AR ,AI, ..etc and its applications in the fashion industry, insights will be also given on how various innovative approaches could get used in re-engineering the fashion retailing brands. This will get supported through case studies and real life examples.

Biography

Dr. Maged Youssef was a professor of Fashion Management in Helwan University, Egypt, and currently he is acting as a Director of BA Fashion Marketing and Retailing program at Heriot-Watt University (Dubai Campus) , he is also teaching different fashion retailing and management courses in the undergraduate and postgraduate stages. In the last 12 years, he has was a Visiting Scholar in a number of international institutions, such as North Carolina State University, USA; Karlsruhe University of Applied Science, Germany; Dresden University of Technology, Heriot-Watt University,UK.. https://www.tex.hw.ac.uk/team/maged-youssef/ https://www.linkedin.com/in/maged-youssef-194b2316/

Speaker
Youssef, Maged / Heriot-Watt University UAE

Abstract

Yuvanprasanth V, 1Undergraduate student of Textile Technology, Kumaraguru college of technology, Coimbatore (India). Yuvan.16tt@kct.ac.in(Author) Regenerated Protein fiber using Chicken Feather The main objective of this project to produce valuable regenerated protein from waste feathers where waste feathers are collected from poultry livestock and the sequence of the process takes place to convert it has regenerated protein fiber. The proximate analysis of chicken feathers revealed the following compositions: crude lipid (0.83%), crude fibre (2.15%), crude protein (82.36%), ash (1.49%), NFE (1.02%) and moisture content (12.33%) whereas the ultimate analyses showed: carbon (64.47%), nitrogen (10.41%), oxygen (22.34%), and sulfur (2.64%). FTIR analysis revealed that the chicken feather fractions contain amide and carboxylic groups indicative of proteinous functional groups; XRD showed a crystallinity index of 22. Durability and burning tests confirmed that feathers behaved similarly to animal fiber. The quantity of Keratin in the form of a crude protein is high which can be spun into regenerated protein fiber using wet spinning process. The outcome of the product has characteristics likethermal insulation, tensile strength,non-abrasive, biodegradable, renewable,eco-friendly, insoluble in organic solvents, low density, hydrophobic behavior, ability to dampen sound, warmth retention and cost-effective. Therefore this shows that it can be used as a replacement of polymers and in the composite material. Keywords: Bio-degradable polymers, Protein fiber from waste feathers, Material for Acoustic, Low density polymer,Thermal Insulation. Reference: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/pc.21112 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956053X17304919?via%3Dihub https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/review-on-chicken-feather-fiber-cff-a-livestock-waste-in-compositematerial-development-2252-5211-1000254.php?aid=85323 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/257653646_Extraction_of_Keratin_Protein_from_Chicken_Feather https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12649-016-9678-y

Biography

Will be updated soon

Speaker
Yuvanprasanth Ve / kumaraguru college of technology India

Abstract

RESEARCH TITLE: DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF MANUAL HANK REELING MACHINE By 1. Fitsum Etefa (B. Sc)----------------- Principal Investigator Email: Oneday790@gmail.com Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion Technology, EiTEX Bahir Dar University Bahir Dar, Ethiopia     Fabrication of manual hank reeling machine Introduction The interest in producing textile product has increased significantly in the last few years. The abundance in nature combined with the ease of Textile processing was an attractive feature, which makes it an important income for the development of a given country. Now a day’s different latest textile machineries are developed by different manufacturers. In production of yarn the main input fiber is changed into yarn by passing through different textile machinery. Hank reeling machine is used to change cone or cop packed yarn into a hank form by winding a yarn into a circular or round shaped reel. Hank yarn used to produce knitted and woven fabric. 1. Abstract/project summary In today’s Textile product processing, buyers are demanding lower prices, the best quality product and service. An effective cost reduction and higher productivity with short processing time is the main objective for textile manufacturer to be a strong competitor by having high market share with profitability and to compete successfully in the world market by keeping benefits of stoke holders including customers. Now a day there is different manual and automatic hank reeling machine. Automatic hank reeling machine which works by help of electrical system and have its own motor for winding. This machine can produce maximum number of hank within one cycle of production and its less time consuming. But to purchase this machine it is expensive. Manual hank reeling machine can wind single hank per cycle and its time consuming than automatic reeling machine. To solve this problem, I have designed manual hank reeling machine which can be driven easily by using foot. This machine can wind up to 12 hanks within single cycle of production time. To fabricate this easily operated manual hank reeling machine costs 14,930 Ethiopian Birr. The hank that we got from this machine is can be easily un-winded during woven and knitted fabric production. 2. Project justification Now a day there is different manual and latest automatic hank reeling machine. Automatic hank reeling machine works by help of electrical system and have its own motor for winding. This machine can produce maximum number of hank within one cycle of production and its less time consuming. To purchase this machine it cost more than 100,000 Ethiopian Birr. Manual type hand driven hank forming machine can produce only one hank in one cycle and it can be driven by hand. Manual hand driven hank reeling can produce single hank within single production cycle and have less production. My new manual hank reeling machine can produce up to 10 hanks within one production cycle. This manual hank reeling machine can be driven easily by foot and it gives comfort for operator. The cost to fabricate this machine is very less when compared with mechanical hank reeling machine. To fabricate this machine it costs 14,930 Ethiopian. This manual hank reeling machine has a long shaft, on which the reel is welded and the shaft is supported by two bearing with their housing. The one side shaft is connected with the driving unit by belt. When the driving unit rotates, the reel which is fixed on the shaft starts winding the cone or cop shaped yarn into the reel to form a hank. This machine has a feeding unit, which used to feed cone or cop packed yarn to the winding unit. There is a traverse, which used to distribute the yarn along the hank width. There is rotated worm gear, which have 100 teeth. The worm gear is connected with the shaft by belt. This worm gear used as a cam, when the shaft rotates one cycle, one of the worm gear teeth forward. On the worm gear there is a small length rod, which is welded on it. There is a traverse rod on which a key tongue is connected, when the worm gear forward one teeth, a small rod on the worm gear will push a key tongue. Finally, when the rod traverse, the yarn which passes through a yarn feed can traverse together and the yarn will distributed uniformly to form a hank. 2.1. Problem statement In Ethiopia, Textile product manufacturing is one of a key sector that identified by the government since 2010. The Ethiopia industrialization strategy has given top priority to textile product processing. The several opportunity and suitableness of the general atmosphere for the growth of textile industries in the country some local and foreign investors are investing their knowledge and capital in textile industry. In Ethiopia there are large number of small scale knitted and woven fabric producers. To produce these fabrics the main input they using is hank yarn. Now a day there is different manual and automatic hank reeling machine. Automatic hank reeling machine works by help of electrical system and have its own motor for winding. This machine can produce maximum number of hank within one cycle of production and its less time consuming. But to purchase this machine it is expensive. Manual hank reeling machine can wind single hank per cycle and its time consuming. Local knitted and woven fabric producers can purchase a cop packed yarn from market and they change into hank form by using small manual hand driven hank reeling machine. However, the amount of hank produced by manual reeling machine does not satisfy the need of small scale knitted and woven fabric producers and it leads the hank cost very high. Therefore, this problem was a notable hindrance limiting the industrial growth of the country. In my research, I have concerned on fabricating of easily operated manual reeling machine with less manufacturing cost and which rotates by using foot and can wind more number of hank per cycle. 2.2. Priority needs  Create job opportunities: In our country there is high number of small scale fabric producers. Fabricating high number of hank reeling machine can create job opportunity for community.  Better value additions: Hand driven manual hank reeling machine can produce single hank per cycle, but my new manual hank reeling machine can produce up to 10 hanks per production cycle.  Improve product quality: During the production of hank the yarn will distributed in parallel way, so during un-winding the hank, It cannot cross linked. 2.3. Proposed approach This project mainly concerned on improving manual hank reeling machine, by changing some mechanism of reeling process. In manual hank reeling the operator uses its hand to wind and can wind single hank per cycle and its time consuming. To solve this problem, I have changed the driving unit from hand to foot and I have extended the width of reel to wind up to 10 hanks per single production cycle. This gives comfort for the operator, because the operator has a possibility to drive the reel by his foot, by sitting on a table. Fabricating many number of this reeling machine can create a job opportunity for machine fabricator and machine users. 2.4. Implementing project team I have started this project in 2006 E.C with my friend when we were students under research and innovation center. We have done the first manual foot driven hank reeling machine. Then we get different comments for improvement of some parts from different staff members. Then by taking comments we start fabricating this machine in 2007 E.C and we have done based on the comment that we have received from staff members. 3. Project goal My research is concerned on fabricating easily operated manual hank reeling machine. The mechanism that used to produce hank is easy and can process 7 hanks within a single production cycle. In this research I have concerned on reducing those problems which influence hank production.  To increase knitted and woven fabric production.  To create safe working environment.  To improve entrepreneurship skill of students.  To create good working environment between the university and society.  To increase in productivity of fabric producers.  To increase quality of products.  To minimize operation cost. 3.1. Project objectives The main objective of my research is concerned on fabrication of easily operated manual hank Specific problem  Increasing number of hank producer per cycle.  Minimizing production time and labor cost.  Producing easily operated hank reeling machine.  Producing uniformly distributed hank yarn. 3.2. Project Design Design of machine parts Machine Description No. Machine parts Dimension Material Type 1 Reel Length 90cm, circumference 80 cm 10mm Round bar 2 Reel support Length 50 cm CHS pipe 50*2 3 Traverse support Length 65 cm CHS Pipe 25*1.25 4 Yarn Traverse Length 110 cm 5 Reel Frame 60cm*40cm Tubular steel 6 Feeding frame 110cm*60cm Tubular steel 7 Shaft Length 160 cm CHS pipe 25*1.25 Machine specification S/N Specification Description 1 Type of machine Manual hank reeling machine 2 Number of hank produced per cycle 12 3 Working condition Manually 4 Number of operator Single 5 Spinning method Winding 6 Material input Cone or cop packed yarn 7 Material output Hank yarn 8 Maintenance system used Oiling and cleaning 9 Swift circumference 1.2meter 10 Length of machine 1.8 meter 11 Width of machine 1.1meter 12 Height of machine 1meter 3.3 Project outcome Design of Manual hank reeling machine 4. Target group/Beneficiary  Used for Small scale enterprises.  Used for hank yarn suppliers.  Used for local fabric producers.  Upgrade entrepreneurs of Students.

Biography

Will be updated soon

Speaker
Fitsum Etefa / Bahir Dar University Ethiopia

Abstract

Environmental Aspects and Whole Toxicity of Textile Wastewaters in São Paulo, after Ionizing Radiation as an Advanced Treatment Processing Sueli I. Borrely,1 Vanessa G. Garcia,1 Aline V. de Morais1, Alessandro S. Pinheiro,1 Maria C. Pereira, 1 Marcela Higa1 and Jorge M. Rosa2 1Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil 2SENAI – Faculdade de Tecnologia Antoine Skaf A wide variety of chemicals are used during textile processing industry, including dyes and reactive dyes which are suitable for cotton dyeing. This is the most used fiber for cloths in Brazil. As a technological advance, ionizing radiation has been applied for reducing collor and toxicity from aqueous solutions of dyes and also from real wastewater. The studied dyes were: Red BG-3B; Yellow 160 and Remazol Orange 3R (RO3R); Remazol Black B; Blue 221, among twelve distinct effluents. Toxicity for acute effects and collor removals after irradiation with electron beam accelerator were presented and we considered here only 5 kGy for toxicity (although 0.5 up 10 kGy were studied). From 0.5 up to 2.5 kGy 90% of color was removed for most of textile samples and dyes aqueous solutions. However 5.0 kGy was more effective for toxicity reduction of Blue 221, Red BG-3B and RO3R. Despite the wide type of dyes in textile effluents, surfactants are among the most toxic products in the effluent matrix. Vibrio fischery bacteria was more sensitive than Daphnia similis and Brachionus plicatilis for 73% of exposed samples. Important is to note that among the impacts of textile products and surfactants there are the enhancement of nutrients and organic matter into the Rivers, favorable condition for cianobacteria blooms in the Country. On the other hand many published data show the high toxicity of many surfactants often used at textile industry (10% < CE50 < 20) for dafnids.

Biography

Sueli I. Borrely has completed his PhD from Nuclear Research Institute (IPEN-SP/Brazil) in 2001. She is a Leader of Environmental and Biological Assays Laboratory, applying ecotoxicity assays and environmental microbiology in evaluation of advanced treatment processes for industrial effluents. She has published more than 25 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of repute. Also teaching at USP/IPEN post-graduation.

Speaker
Sueli Ivone Borrely / Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares Brazil

Abstract

Abstract for the Textile Engineering-2019 conference on Ultra Smart Clothing. Ajay X. Sangwan, 1 1Nyokas Technologies Pvt. Ltd, Kochi, Kerala, India Electronic textile based Smart clothing is one more category of wearable computers that are gaining momentum. The explicit advantages of smart garments compared to other wearables are flexibility, implemented invisible soft textile based sensors without need for additional devices except clothing with large surface of the body for reading out data. Electronic textile based smart clothing can perceive not only disaggregated data types, but also make forecasts and adapt to the external environment without preliminary adjustment. Nyokas has developed Ultra Smart Clothing for women safety. An Upper wear apparel embedded with soft textile circuitry based sensors and actuators with a detachable hardware device which act as last line of defence for human body. The embedded textile sensors collect data of force applied and location on the apparel by external environment, the detachable hardware then analyse the data and run an algorithm which separate attack situation and day to day life activities (non-threatening situation e.g. sitting on chair, hug by colleagues, accidental strike to surroundings). If the hardware detect an attack, the textile based actuators give shock to the intruder (not the user) followed by GPS-SOS alert to people you trust, nearby police car and people in vicinity use same mobile application (inclusive.ly). The functionality of textile is highly insulator (to protect wearer from electric shock), water repellent to mitigate short circuit possibility, sew-free fabrication for robust sensor tech and performance of the apparel which can be washed. Keywords: e-textile, soft circuitry, women safety, electrical actuator, SOS-GPS alert.

Biography

Ajay Sangwan has completed his Graduation from National Institute of Fashion Technology, India. He is the director of Nyokas Technologies Pvt. Ltd, India’s first Ultra Smart Clothing startup. 7 years of experience in electronic textile with a demonstrated history of working in the textiles industry. At Nyokas as Network-development, feasibility-study, material-selection, product-design and proof of concept development. Skilled in Trade Compliance, Quality Assurance, Industrial Engineering, Production Planning, and Product Development. Strong entrepreneurship professional who represented the company at various national and international platform such as Deftronics,India | GSVLabs,CA | Learning links foundation,USA consulate | Texinnova,Spain | Hardtech Kochi.

Speaker
Ajay Sangwan / Nyokas technologies Pvt. ltd. India

Plenary Talks

Abstract

Artificial intelligence and big data in fashion industry Sébastien Thomassey1 1ENSAIT - GEMTEX, Roubaix, France In the last decades, globalization, customization, Mobile Internet,... have tremendously changed the fashion market. In the same time, the new digital and mobile technologies have provided new data sources for companies. This data, generated by business transactions, physical sensors, social media networks and other sources, provides valuable information for decision making in this current complex environment. Thus, many data-based systems can rely on this information: tracking systems from raw materials to finished products, recommendation systems linking different production stages, design and marketing services, flexible manufacturing systems for small series productions, e-marketing methods, etc. However, in order to deal with this big data, which is by definition unstructured, massive and dynamic, companies have to rely on advanced analytic techniques. Artificial Intelligence (AI) methods are particularly suitable to deal with fashion big data. AI based techniques include artificial neural networks, heuristic and meta-heuristic, machine learning, fuzzy logic, Natural Language Processing, etc. which are able to deal with the complexity of big data in the fashion environment. Expected benefits for companies can be huge at different decision levels: - Sales forecasting, - Intelligent production process, - Flexible and reactive supply chain, - Innovative design solution, - … In this context, a large number of research works emerges and investigates this challenging and interesting topic. Therefore, it seems important to give an overview of the last advances in this field, the opportunities provided by these technologies and future developments required.

Biography

Sébastien Thomassey has completed his PhD from Lille University, France, and postdoctoral studies from the MathOR laboratory of Polytechnic University of Mons, Belgium. He is associate professor at the ENSAIT and the GEMTEX laboratory of Roubaix, France. His research interests mainly include sales forecasting of fashion products, supply chain modelling, simulation and optimization, production management and decision support systems for textile/apparel industry. He is involved in different National and European research projects. He has published more than 20 papers in reputed journals and is co-author of the book “Artificial Intelligence for Fashion Industry in the Big Data Era” (Springer, 2018).

Speaker
Dr. Thomassey Sébastien / ENSAIT - GEMTEX,France

Abstract

Abstract Water free dyeing and finishing of textiles using Supercritical carbon dioxide Tarek M. Abou Elmaaty Damietta University, Egypt This work highlights the great role of supercritical carbon dioxide fluid technology in textile dyeing and finishing processes. Environmental consideration is now becoming vital factors during the selection of consumer goods including textiles all over the world. However due to increased attentiveness of the contaminates of textiles effluents, public stress are increasing on textiles industry units. Awareness about environmentally safe textiles is one of the important problems recently since textiles are used closer to skin and is called second skin. Owing to the demand of global consumer the researchers are being carried out for new eco-friendly technology. Supercritical carbon dioxide is quit new technology for the textile industry. It offers many advantages against wet techniques. There are no hurtful chemicals, wastewater and mechanical hazards on textile-wet processes. It has specific action on the all types of fibers and textiles.

Biography

Tarek Abou Elmaaty has completed his PhD from Mansoura University, Egypt and postdoctoral studies from Keele University, UK, Idaho state University, USA. He is the Vice president of Damietta University. He is also co-heading the China -Egypt international lab for supercritical carbon dioxide dyeing. He has published more than 50 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of reputable journals. He received a number of young faculty awards including the best researcher Award, Publication Award and recently he won the gold medal (Textiles) in Cairo innovates 5 in 2018.

Speaker
Tarek Abou Elmaaty / Damietta University, Egypt

Abstract

Natural fibre assemblies for separating oil from water Rengasamy R. S, Chaderjeet Singh, Samrat Mukhopadhyay Dipayan Das Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India Pollution of water by oil is one of the major environmental issues facing the globe. Oil spill in ocean occurs due to leakage of oil during production, transport, explosion of oil storage tanks during wars and natural disasters. Discharge of lubricants present in the industrial effluent also contaminate water bodies. The oil present in water gets degraded with time and gets deposited under the sea causing major problem for the aquatic organisms. So it is essential to separate oil from water. The oil spilled over water is removed using different techniques such as skimmer, chemical, bacteria, etc. But these techniques are time consuming and harmful to the environment. The fibrous assembly either in filled or structured forms can be used to remove oil spilled over large water bodies. Commercially, polypropylene melt-blown nonwovens are widely used for oil spill clean-up. The main disadvantage of polypropylene is that they are non-biodegradable. Natural fibres such as kapok, milkweed and poplar fibres are oleophilic and have great potential for making oil sorbing pads. They can also be used as coalescence filter to separate oil in water emulsion. In this paper, we present our research work on the oil sorption of fibre assemblies prepared from kapok, milkweed and polypropylene under different conditions. We also present experimental results conducted on the coalescence filtration using these materials for separating oil in oil water emulsion.

Biography

R. S. Rengasamy has completed his PhD from IIT Delhi, India and postdoctoral studies from Kyoto University, Japan. He is a professor of textile technology, IIT Delhi, a premiere technological institute. He has published more than 70 papers in reputed journals and has presented about 30 papers in conferences. He has authored/edited few chapters, books and monographs. His areas of research interests includes, clothing comfort, extreme cold climate clothing, oil-spill clean-up using natural fibres, sound insulation of nonwovens, absorbent materials for hygiene applications, technical textiles and apparel technology. He is on board of academic institutions on textile curriculum development.

Speaker
R S Rengasamy / Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

Keynote Talks

Abstract

Abstract Porous to Fibrous Structure: Introduction of Layman’s Nano Fibre Shamayita Patra1 1Shri vaishnav Institute of Textile Technology, SVVV, India The present study narrates a journey of property manipulation by different synthesis method of a synthetic extracellular matrix for tissue engineering. The journey started with simple porogen (sodium chloride) leaching method to a new and sublime technique of pre-coagulation evaporation (PCE) method and finally to nanofibrous structure for scaffold synthesis. The PCE method yeilded 0.03mm (avg.) thick, 42% (avg.) porous tubular structure with 50±6 MPa tensile strength, 614±77% tensile strain, and 243gf (avg.) suture retention strength. Further, Low Temperature Vacuum carbon dioxide RT plasma functionalized structure were immobilized with gelatin ( 2.67mg/cm2(avg.)). The cell to cell interaction indicates a favorable cell proliferation environment with a continuous monolayer of neo endothelium for biomolecule immobilized surface for Progenitor Derived Endothelial cells (PDEC). For better cell compatibility a nanofibrous composite porous structure is intended to be synthesized. The nanofibrous (min. 19 nm and max. 1.57 µm) matrix was synthesized by Centrifugal spinning. A spinning method which has adapted the traditional cottoncandy machine. In this work a bit modified and simple set up was utililized. Therefore, the process was explored interms of interaction between the polymer viscosity with Berry’s no., spinning stability and fibre diameter as a result of centrifugal force. The synthesized fibrous matrix has shown positive result in cell viability for peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) and NIH 3T3 mouse fibroblast cell. References 1.M.J. Gupte, P.X. Ma, J. Dent. Res. 2012, 91: 227. 2.A.J.T. Teo, A. Mishra, I. Park, Y-J. Kim, W-T. Park, Y-J. Yoon, ACS Biomater. Sci. Eng. 2016, 2: 454.

Biography

Dr. Shamayita Patra has completed his PhD from Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India and postdoctoral studies from Jadavpur University, India as Dr. D. S. Kothari Posdoctoral fellow. Sha is Assistant Professor at SVITT, SVVV, a premier educational organization. She has published more than 25 papers in reputed journals and international conferences. She has been recognized with Young Scientist Award in Health Science (2015) and IEI Young Engineers Award in Textile Engineering (2019).

Speaker
Dr. Shamayita Patra / Shri Vaishnav Institute of Textile Technology, India

Abstract

Abstract: Clothing and apparel comfort nowadays is one of the basic criterion upon which a decision to choose and buy a defined garments, or not, is based. Laser Spectroscopy In-Permeability Characterization of Engineering Textiles are Considering the different methods used to measure permeability, the results obtained do not generally agree. Minor changes in the experimental procedures of Laser Spectroscopy affect significantly the measured values. In-Permeability Characterization on a measurement method of the in-plane permeability. This method can now be adopted as a reference. Micro-porosity progress appeared in numerical modeling, but computational limitations remain an obstacle. The analytical models predict well the In-Permeability Characterization of unidirectional fiber bed. One of the relevant variables having a great effect on wear comfort is fabric porosity. Fabric as a porous material allows the transmission of energy (light, heat) and substances (liquid, gas, and particle) and therefore has a great influence on comfort. The purpose of this paper is to assess the relationship between open porosity and air permeability throw Laser Spectroscopy In-Permeability Characterization of Engineering Textiles. Laser Spectroscopy comparative study was carried out to select the best models. For are available to predict In-Permeability Characterization by analytical models and the few one that exist are not generalized and far from being perfect. Although the general trend as a function of fiber volume fraction is reproduced, the predicted In-Permeability Characterization values do not match measurement results. Keywords: Laser Spectroscopy, In-Permeability, Engineering Textiles.

Biography

ELSAYED AHMED ELNASHAR, Full-Professor of textiles Apparel, Kaferelsheikh University, Egypt. Born in 19 /8/1965. Have Ph.D. 2000, Msc.1995, Bsc.1989, Helwan University. Diploma1985advanced industrial textiles institute. He holds several academic administrative positions: Dean, Vice Dean, Head of Department, He has many textiles patents, Member of international scientific committees. Development of Faculties of Education, commissioned of Supreme Council of Egyptian Universities. Has design books published in Germany and Ukraine. Has published over 185 scientific Articles. Editorial board member & Reviewer for more 85 journals, organizer for more than 30 conference and workshop over the world, Founder and editor two scientific journals. And Smartex Conference Egypt. Member of the editorial board of several international journals and conferences, He has made many scientific agreements with European &Africa universities

Speaker
Dr. ELSAYED AHMED ELNASHAR / Kafrelsheikh University Egypt

Abstract

Influence of Projectile Accelerator Parameters on the Weft Yarn Pulling Force Used in Electromagnetic Weft Insertion System Seyed Abbas Mirjalili,1 Seyed Amahmoud Salari 2 1Yazd University, Iran 2Yazd Education Office, Iran There are different weft insertion methods in the weaving. Electromagnetic launcher can be used as accelerator to yarn that attached to ferromagnetic projectile. This system seems very affordable in the terms of saving interface devices, preventing energy waste and reducing a large amount of noise pollution of weaving machines. Yarns can endure specific amount of pulling force that depended on the yarn variables. The higher weft yarn pulling force (for achieving more productivity) enhances probability of yarn rupture and then reduces efficiency after an optimum value. In addition to yarn variables and the type of weft insertion system, the parameters of weft yarn accelerator strongly affect the weft yarn velocity, its pulling force and consequently the fabric quality. Therefore, in this research an experimental coil launcher is implemented and the projectile velocity is calculated by image processing. The impression of accelerator parameters on the projectile velocity and the variation of yarn pulling force is investigated by linear regression model. The knowledge about the impression of parameters that effect on the weft yarn velocity helps us to control its pulling force and thereupon the fabric quality.

Biography

Dr. Mirjalili completed his Ph.D from The Univesity of Leeds, UK. He immigrated to Canada, in 1998 and after working in several textile companies in Toronto, he gained valuable experience in textile industry, came back to Iran. Dr. Mirjalili started his work in 1999, at Yazd University as a faculty member of this university and he has been involved with teaching and research works at this university. He also established a dyeing and finishing company in 2006 which is quite active and pioneer in this industry. He has been COE of the mill since beginning. Dr. Mirjalili has published about 20 paper in ISI Journals and published two books in field of knitting, either. He was promoted to Associte Professor in 2007.

Speaker
Dr. Seyed Abbas Mirjalili / Yazd University, Iran

Abstract

Abstract TO MANUFACTURE AND CHARACTERISE GLASS FIBRE KAPOK HYBRID COMPOSITE SAFOORA ZUBAIR, FARAZ ALI, SYED MUHAMMAD SULAIMAN, REEMA RAIS NED UNIVESITY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY, PAKISTAN ABSTRACT Hybrid Bio-Synthetic composites manufacturing is the fourth generation of composite manufacturing and is gaining interest with time. Hybrid Bio-Synthetic composites can be designed by the combination of synthetic fibres and natural fibres (bio-fibre) in a matrix. Many natural fibres such as bast, jute, sisal, cotton fibres have been used in non-woven composite manufacturing but the use of Kapok in the non-woven composite is relatively a new concept, especially as a core for bio-synthetic hybrid composites. The objective of this project is to manufacture and analyse a Bio-synthetic hybrid composite using glass fibre woven mat of 400 gsm and Kapok fibres in raw fibre form as reinforcements and unsaturated polyester resin as matrix with the help of hand layup composite manufacturing technique. This report consist of study of Kapok fibres, glass fibres and composites along with the manufacturing and analysis of Kapok composites (amalgamated and non-amalgamated), Glass fibre composites and Hybrid composites, all having unsaturated polyester resin as a matrix. Tensile test (ASTM D638-14), Shore Hardness test (ASTM D2240-05), Charpy Impact test (BS EN ISO 179-1:2010) and Density test (BS EN ISO 1183-1:2004) was performed on the manufactured samples; results were obtained, analysed and compared. As per testing results, manufactured hybrid composite have the strength of glass fibre composite and density as light as that of Kapok fibre composites. From testing results, it is also evaluated that increasing the number of sandwich layers in hybrid composites enhance its properties i.e. tensile strength is increased, light weight composite is obtained, increased impact strength is observed and decreased hardness is witnessed. Specific impact strength and Specific tensile strength also increase with increasing layers of hybrid composite.

Biography

I have completed my Masters from NED University of Engineering & Technology, Pakistan. Now I am working as a Product Developer & Fabric Research & Developer in Soorty Enterprises.

Speaker
Mr. Syed Muhammad Sulaiman / NED UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING & Technology Pakistan

Abstract

Utilization of Lanolin in Pigment Printing of Textiles Nagla S. El-Shemy1, Nancy S. El-Hawary1, and Hosam El-Sayed2 1: Dyeing, Printing, and Textile Auxiliaries Department, National Research Centre, El-Behouth St., 12611-Dokki, Giza, Egypt 2: Proteinic and Man-made Fibres Department, National Research Centre, El-Behouth St., 12611-Dokki, Giza, Egypt Abstract: Proper utilization of wool grease that is sometimes discarded after scouring of raw wool fleece is of prime importance from the environmental and economic point of views. Wool grease was extracted from coarse wool fleece using conventional heating or microwave irradiation in the present work. The obtained wool grease was then purified and bleached. Different concentrations of the purified wool grease (lanolin) was utilized as a binder in pigment printing of wool, cotton, polyester fabrics as well as polyester/wool (65/35) and polyester/cotton (65/35) blended fabrics using flat screen technique. Fixation of prints was brought about either by conventional heating or microwave irradiation. Extraction of lanolin as well as fixation of prints under the influence of microwave irradiation was carried out at different reaction parameters; Viz. concentration of reagent, reaction time and temperature, and microwave power. Colorimetric measurements; namely colour strength (K/S) and fastness properties (against washing, light, perspiration, and rubbing) were conducted. The wet contact angle, UPF, stiffness, and air permeability of the printed fabrics were also assessed and compared to those of the corresponding samples printed in presence of commercial binder instead of lanolin. The results of this study reveal that the colour strength and fastness properties of the fabrics printed using lanolin as a binder, whatever the adopted fixation method, is almost similar to those printed using commercial binder. Only the rubbing fastness of the printed fabrics was remarkably worse upon using lanolin as a binder in pigment printing of the said textile fabrics.

Biography

Hosam EL-SAYED (Prof.) underwent his Ph. D. work in Aachen, Germany. He is the head of the Proteinic and Man-made Fibers Department of the National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt. He is the PI and Co-PI of many national and international projects in “Chemistry and Technology of Proteinic Fibers”. He has 60 publications in international peer reviewed journals and two books in textile processing. He presented 25 papers in international conferences, two of them as an invited speaker. Prof. EL-SAYED is a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Natural Fibres and many societies in textile chemistry and colorations.

Speaker
Dr. Hosam EL-SAYED / National Research Centre Egypt

Abstract

AUTOMATIC EVALUATION OF COTTON YARN CHARACTERISTICS USING IMAGE ANALYSIS AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS Sherien El-Kateb1 1Department of Textile Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Egypt Email: k_sherien@yahoo.com ABSTRACT This study presents an application of Artificial Neural Networks “ANNs” in textile industry to evaluate yarn properties. Yarn characteristics have a major role in determining the next product quality, especially yarn hairiness and imperfections affect quality and appearance of the outcome fabric directly. So, the purpose of this research work is to develop an ANN model which can assess yarn properties automatically. Therefore, the output yarn characteristics can be predicted easily. Methodology consists of two phases, first is measuring cotton yarn properties before and after winding process. The study was applied on both ring spun and compact yarns at different winding parameters. Second is detection procedure which consists of detection of the tested yarn samples starting with features extraction by applying image processing tools to the selected photos captured by CCD which followed by applying “ANNs” Artificial Neural Networks. Seventy samples used for training and thirty samples used for testing using feed forward back propagation neural network. A correlation matrix presented the relation between yarn specifications and its studied properties. In conclusion, this model can evaluate and predict yarn properties which enable to have an automatic yarn inspection saving extra testing costs.

Biography

Prof.Dr. Sherien N. Elkateb has completed his PhD from Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Egypt. She is an associate professor at Department of Textile Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University. She is an assistant member at Quality Assurance Unit and Web Site Update Unit in Faculty of Engineering. She is The coordinator of International collaboration at Textile Engineering Dept. She is a reviewer for international journals as Autex Research Journal ARJ, Textile Research Journal TRJ and Production & Manufacturing Research Journal. She has published more than 20 papers in reputed journals and conferences and has been serving as an editorial board member of repute.

Speaker
Dr. Sherien Nabil Elkateb / Alexandria University Egypt

Abstract

STUDYING THE EFFECT OF FIBER TYPE AND FABRIC DESIGN ON FABRIC PILLING RESISTANCE Sherien N. El-Kateb,1 and Shereen F. Shetaya 2 1Department of Textile Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Egypt ABSTRACT This work presents the pilling attitude of different polyester and cotton polyester blended knitted fabrics. Pilling is an undesired defect of textile fabrics, made by entangled fibers and formed small roughly spheres. It caused by abrasion of fabric surface due to washing and wearing, this defect needs to be controlled and measured. Pilling has great effects on the output fabric quality especially technical textiles. The present work provides a comparison between different knitted fabric samples to show the effect of fiber type and fabric design in forming of the pilling defect by meaning of random tumble pilling tester. Results show that, by a statistical approach, Anova and T-test analyses emphasize that both fiber type and fabric design have significant effect on pilling rate.

Biography

Prof.Dr. Sherien N. Elkateb has completed his PhD from Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Egypt. She is an associate professor at Department of Textile Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University. She is an assistant member at Quality Assurance Unit and Web Site Update Unit in Faculty of Engineering. She is The coordinator of International collaboration at Textile Engineering Dept. She is a reviewer for international journals as Autex Research Journal ARJ, Textile Research Journal TRJ and Production & Manufacturing Research Journal. She has published more than 20 papers in reputed journals and conferences and has been serving as an editorial board member of repute.

Speaker
Dr. Sherien Nabil Elkateb / Alexandria University Egypt

Abstract

Dyeing of polypropylene fibers with disperse dyes in supercritical carbon dioxide Hanan G.Elsisi1, TarekM. Abou Elmaaty1, Mamdouh Sofan1, Tamer Kosbar1, Elham Negm1, KazumasaHirogaki 2, Isao Tabata 2 and Teruo Hori2 1Damietta University, Damietta 34512, Egypt, Tel. and Fax: +20 572 353 098 2University of Fukui, Japan. The demand for the design of new technology that is environmentally friendly and sustainable is shifting the technological processes towards high temperature and high pressure. The dyeing of textile in supercritical carbon dioxide fluid, water free and clean process with numerous essential advantages, has been extensively investigated in laboratory as a promising alternative to the traditional water-based processes in recent future. Supercritical carbon dioxide (critical temperature: 31.1°C, critical pressure: 7.4 MPa) dyeing has been developed rapidly in recent years. One of the major process benefits is derived from the physicochemical properties of supercritical fluid, such as density, viscosity, and diffusivity that are intermediate between those of liquids and gases and are continuously tuned by changes of pressure and/or temperature. Polypropylene (PP) is not a renewable polymer, but due to its excellent properties it is envisaged to be important for different application. In the industrial production, dyeing is a key procedure to add the commodity value for polypropylene. Dyeable PP has remained a very important challenge to all the polymer and textile chemists for many decades. Polypropylene bears no reactive functional groups in its chemical structure and has no affinity for normal dyestuff.Therefore, many efforts to use scCO2 dyeing for polypropylene fibers have not successfully resolved the undyeability of these fibers. However, lack of special dyes and researches for this waterless coloration technology are limiting its application in industry, especially for the dyeing of polypropylene. In this work we report on applying the dyestuff for dyeing polypropylene in scCO2. The influence of dyeing parameters on fabric colour strength was investigated, and the parameters were optimized.

Biography

Will be updated soon

Speaker
Hanan Elsisi / Damietta University, Egypt

Sessions Will be updated soon...

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